D2 dopamine receptors stimulate mitogenesis through pertussis toxin- sensitive G proteins and Ras-involved ERK and SAP/JNK pathways in rat C6-D2L glioma cells

Yongquan Luo, Gertrude C. Kokkonen, Xiantao Wang, Kim Neve, George S. Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dopamine D2 receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and are expressed on both neurons and astrocytes. Using rat C6 glioma cells stably expressing the rat D2L receptor, we show here that dopamine (DA) can activate both the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways through a mechanism involving D2 receptor-G protein complexes and the Ras GTP-binding protein. Agonist binding to D2 receptors rapidly activated both kinases within 5 min, reached a maximum between 10 and 15 min, and then gradually decreased by 60 min. Maximal activation of both kinases occurred with 100 nM DA, which produced a ninefold enhancement of ERK activity and a threefold enhancement of JNK activity. DA-induced kinase activation was prevented by either (+)butaclamol, a selective D2 receptor antagonist, or pertussis toxin, an uncoupler of G proteins from receptors, but not by (-)-butaclamol, the inactive isomer of (+)-butaclamol. Cotransfection of RasN17, a dominant negative Ras mutant, prevented DA-induced activation of both ERK and JNK. PD098059, a specific MEK1 inhibitor, also blocked ERK activation by DA. Transfection of SEK1 (K → R) vector, a dominant negative SEK1 mutant, specifically prevented DA-induced JNK activation and subsequent c-Jun phosphorylation without effect on ERK activation. Furthermore, stimulation of D2 receptors promoted [3H]thymidine incorporation with a pattern similar to that for kinase activation. DA mitogenesis was tightly linked to Ras- dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and JNK pathways. Transfection with RasN17 and application of PD098059 blocked DA-induced DNA synthesis. Transfection with Flag Δ 169, a dominant negative c-Jun mutant, also prevented stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation by DA. The demonstration of D2 receptor-stimulated MAPK pathways may help to understand dopaminergic physiological functions in the CNS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)980-990
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume71
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Dopamine D2 Receptors
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Pertussis Toxin
GTP-Binding Proteins
Glioma
Rats
Dopamine
Chemical activation
Butaclamol
Phosphotransferases
Transfection
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Thymidine
ras Proteins
Phosphorylation
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Astrocytes
Isomers
Neurons

Keywords

  • Astrocytes
  • c-Jun NH-terminal kinase
  • C6 glioma cells
  • D2 receptors
  • G proteins
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase
  • Mitogenesis
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

D2 dopamine receptors stimulate mitogenesis through pertussis toxin- sensitive G proteins and Ras-involved ERK and SAP/JNK pathways in rat C6-D2L glioma cells. / Luo, Yongquan; Kokkonen, Gertrude C.; Wang, Xiantao; Neve, Kim; Roth, George S.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 71, No. 3, 09.1998, p. 980-990.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Dopamine D2 receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and are expressed on both neurons and astrocytes. Using rat C6 glioma cells stably expressing the rat D2L receptor, we show here that dopamine (DA) can activate both the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways through a mechanism involving D2 receptor-G protein complexes and the Ras GTP-binding protein. Agonist binding to D2 receptors rapidly activated both kinases within 5 min, reached a maximum between 10 and 15 min, and then gradually decreased by 60 min. Maximal activation of both kinases occurred with 100 nM DA, which produced a ninefold enhancement of ERK activity and a threefold enhancement of JNK activity. DA-induced kinase activation was prevented by either (+)butaclamol, a selective D2 receptor antagonist, or pertussis toxin, an uncoupler of G proteins from receptors, but not by (-)-butaclamol, the inactive isomer of (+)-butaclamol. Cotransfection of RasN17, a dominant negative Ras mutant, prevented DA-induced activation of both ERK and JNK. PD098059, a specific MEK1 inhibitor, also blocked ERK activation by DA. Transfection of SEK1 (K → R) vector, a dominant negative SEK1 mutant, specifically prevented DA-induced JNK activation and subsequent c-Jun phosphorylation without effect on ERK activation. Furthermore, stimulation of D2 receptors promoted [3H]thymidine incorporation with a pattern similar to that for kinase activation. DA mitogenesis was tightly linked to Ras- dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and JNK pathways. Transfection with RasN17 and application of PD098059 blocked DA-induced DNA synthesis. Transfection with Flag Δ 169, a dominant negative c-Jun mutant, also prevented stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation by DA. The demonstration of D2 receptor-stimulated MAPK pathways may help to understand dopaminergic physiological functions in the CNS.",
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T1 - D2 dopamine receptors stimulate mitogenesis through pertussis toxin- sensitive G proteins and Ras-involved ERK and SAP/JNK pathways in rat C6-D2L glioma cells

AU - Luo, Yongquan

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AU - Wang, Xiantao

AU - Neve, Kim

AU - Roth, George S.

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N2 - Dopamine D2 receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and are expressed on both neurons and astrocytes. Using rat C6 glioma cells stably expressing the rat D2L receptor, we show here that dopamine (DA) can activate both the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways through a mechanism involving D2 receptor-G protein complexes and the Ras GTP-binding protein. Agonist binding to D2 receptors rapidly activated both kinases within 5 min, reached a maximum between 10 and 15 min, and then gradually decreased by 60 min. Maximal activation of both kinases occurred with 100 nM DA, which produced a ninefold enhancement of ERK activity and a threefold enhancement of JNK activity. DA-induced kinase activation was prevented by either (+)butaclamol, a selective D2 receptor antagonist, or pertussis toxin, an uncoupler of G proteins from receptors, but not by (-)-butaclamol, the inactive isomer of (+)-butaclamol. Cotransfection of RasN17, a dominant negative Ras mutant, prevented DA-induced activation of both ERK and JNK. PD098059, a specific MEK1 inhibitor, also blocked ERK activation by DA. Transfection of SEK1 (K → R) vector, a dominant negative SEK1 mutant, specifically prevented DA-induced JNK activation and subsequent c-Jun phosphorylation without effect on ERK activation. Furthermore, stimulation of D2 receptors promoted [3H]thymidine incorporation with a pattern similar to that for kinase activation. DA mitogenesis was tightly linked to Ras- dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and JNK pathways. Transfection with RasN17 and application of PD098059 blocked DA-induced DNA synthesis. Transfection with Flag Δ 169, a dominant negative c-Jun mutant, also prevented stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation by DA. The demonstration of D2 receptor-stimulated MAPK pathways may help to understand dopaminergic physiological functions in the CNS.

AB - Dopamine D2 receptors are members of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily and are expressed on both neurons and astrocytes. Using rat C6 glioma cells stably expressing the rat D2L receptor, we show here that dopamine (DA) can activate both the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways through a mechanism involving D2 receptor-G protein complexes and the Ras GTP-binding protein. Agonist binding to D2 receptors rapidly activated both kinases within 5 min, reached a maximum between 10 and 15 min, and then gradually decreased by 60 min. Maximal activation of both kinases occurred with 100 nM DA, which produced a ninefold enhancement of ERK activity and a threefold enhancement of JNK activity. DA-induced kinase activation was prevented by either (+)butaclamol, a selective D2 receptor antagonist, or pertussis toxin, an uncoupler of G proteins from receptors, but not by (-)-butaclamol, the inactive isomer of (+)-butaclamol. Cotransfection of RasN17, a dominant negative Ras mutant, prevented DA-induced activation of both ERK and JNK. PD098059, a specific MEK1 inhibitor, also blocked ERK activation by DA. Transfection of SEK1 (K → R) vector, a dominant negative SEK1 mutant, specifically prevented DA-induced JNK activation and subsequent c-Jun phosphorylation without effect on ERK activation. Furthermore, stimulation of D2 receptors promoted [3H]thymidine incorporation with a pattern similar to that for kinase activation. DA mitogenesis was tightly linked to Ras- dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and JNK pathways. Transfection with RasN17 and application of PD098059 blocked DA-induced DNA synthesis. Transfection with Flag Δ 169, a dominant negative c-Jun mutant, also prevented stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation by DA. The demonstration of D2 receptor-stimulated MAPK pathways may help to understand dopaminergic physiological functions in the CNS.

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