Detection and avoidance of donor-reactive antibodies in the sera of potential organ transplant recipients is key to a successful transplant outcome. Techniques of antibody detection that use flow cytometry are more sensitive than those that rely upon a visual determination of cytotoxicity. However, as conventionally performed, flow-cytometric crossmatches do not distinguish between cytotoxic (complement fixing) and noncytotoxic antibodies because both types of antibodies can bind to a cell and be detected by laser-activated fluorochrome photon emission. In 1989 we described two techniques for detecting cytotoxic antibodies using flow-cytometric techniques . In 1990, we expanded the application of these new techniques that we called flow cytotoxicity assays or "Flow-Tox" . Flow-Tox crossmatches demonstrate an increase in both sensitivity and specificity over conventional cytotoxicity crossmatches.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy