Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a potent inhibitor of T lymphocyte proliferation induced by Ag and mitogens. In an attempt to further delineate the mechanism of action of CsA, we have examined its effects on T cell proliferation induced by the combination of the phorbol ester, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB), and the calcium ionophore, ionomycin. T cells were rendered competent as the result of a 30-min initial incubation with both drugs, after which the drugs were washed out. Competence is defined as the ability to subsequently proliferate in response to exogenously added IL-2 or PDB in the second phase of the culture, but not to synthesize IL-2 or proliferative without these additions. Addition of CsA (1 μg/ml) to the cells in the initial, competence-inducing 30-min incubation with PDB/ionomycin abrogated their subsequent response to IL-2 or PDB. In contrast, addition of CsA to cells after they had been treated for 30 min with PDB/ionomycin and then washed did not affect their responses to subsequent addition of either IL-2 or PDB. Treatment with CsA during induction of competence prevented the expression of the 55-kDa IL-2R gene during competence induction and inhibited IL-2 gene expression and IL-2 production in response to PDB in the second phase. These results indicate that the effects of CsA are limited to the initiation (competence induction) period of T cell activation, that CsA apparently affects expression of more than one gene, and in competent cells, CsA does not affect their ability to progress to DNA synthesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy