Cycle progression and division of viable and nonviable Chinese hamster ovary cells following acute hyperthermia and their relationship to thermal tolerance decay

G. C. Rice, J. W. Gray, Joe Gray

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Abstract

Cell cycle progression delays and subsequent growth kinetics of viable and nonviable Chinese hamster cells following acute (45.5°) hyperthermia were documented in an attempt to correlate these changes with the decay of thermal tolerance. Following heating for various lengths of time, cells exhibited a delay in subsequent division which was related to cell survival by a power function relationship. A cell was considered to be viable if it retained the ability to divide to form a colony of 50 or more cells. The components of the delay in cycle transit for viable cells heated in G1 for treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were approximately 28 hr in G1 and 20 hr in S and G2-M. This represents a 7-fold decrease in the rate progression through G1 and a 2-fold decrease through S and G2-M relative to control rates. The doubling times of viable cells, in subsequent generations, were significantly decreased to a rate 61% of that of control up to 120 h after heating. This reduction was in part due to lethal sectoring, i.e., a division which produces only one daughter that is capable of forming a viable subclone, within the viable progeny. Within a viable subclone, up to 30% of the cells that divided from 48 to 91 hr after a heat treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were found to be nonclonogenic. Following resumption of division, nonviable cells slowly lost their capacity for proliferation. Nearly all thermal tolerance development induced by a 20-min pretreatment occurred while the viable cells remained in G1. Subsequent progression into heat-sensitive S and G2-M phases modulated thermal tolerance only slightly. Finally, maximal loss of thermal tolerance was exhibited at the time corresponding to the resumption of viable cell division.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1802-1808
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume44
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Cricetulus
Ovary
Fever
Cell Division
Heating
Hot Temperature
Thermotolerance
G2 Phase
Cell Survival
Cell Cycle
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

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title = "Cycle progression and division of viable and nonviable Chinese hamster ovary cells following acute hyperthermia and their relationship to thermal tolerance decay",
abstract = "Cell cycle progression delays and subsequent growth kinetics of viable and nonviable Chinese hamster cells following acute (45.5°) hyperthermia were documented in an attempt to correlate these changes with the decay of thermal tolerance. Following heating for various lengths of time, cells exhibited a delay in subsequent division which was related to cell survival by a power function relationship. A cell was considered to be viable if it retained the ability to divide to form a colony of 50 or more cells. The components of the delay in cycle transit for viable cells heated in G1 for treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were approximately 28 hr in G1 and 20 hr in S and G2-M. This represents a 7-fold decrease in the rate progression through G1 and a 2-fold decrease through S and G2-M relative to control rates. The doubling times of viable cells, in subsequent generations, were significantly decreased to a rate 61{\%} of that of control up to 120 h after heating. This reduction was in part due to lethal sectoring, i.e., a division which produces only one daughter that is capable of forming a viable subclone, within the viable progeny. Within a viable subclone, up to 30{\%} of the cells that divided from 48 to 91 hr after a heat treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were found to be nonclonogenic. Following resumption of division, nonviable cells slowly lost their capacity for proliferation. Nearly all thermal tolerance development induced by a 20-min pretreatment occurred while the viable cells remained in G1. Subsequent progression into heat-sensitive S and G2-M phases modulated thermal tolerance only slightly. Finally, maximal loss of thermal tolerance was exhibited at the time corresponding to the resumption of viable cell division.",
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N2 - Cell cycle progression delays and subsequent growth kinetics of viable and nonviable Chinese hamster cells following acute (45.5°) hyperthermia were documented in an attempt to correlate these changes with the decay of thermal tolerance. Following heating for various lengths of time, cells exhibited a delay in subsequent division which was related to cell survival by a power function relationship. A cell was considered to be viable if it retained the ability to divide to form a colony of 50 or more cells. The components of the delay in cycle transit for viable cells heated in G1 for treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were approximately 28 hr in G1 and 20 hr in S and G2-M. This represents a 7-fold decrease in the rate progression through G1 and a 2-fold decrease through S and G2-M relative to control rates. The doubling times of viable cells, in subsequent generations, were significantly decreased to a rate 61% of that of control up to 120 h after heating. This reduction was in part due to lethal sectoring, i.e., a division which produces only one daughter that is capable of forming a viable subclone, within the viable progeny. Within a viable subclone, up to 30% of the cells that divided from 48 to 91 hr after a heat treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were found to be nonclonogenic. Following resumption of division, nonviable cells slowly lost their capacity for proliferation. Nearly all thermal tolerance development induced by a 20-min pretreatment occurred while the viable cells remained in G1. Subsequent progression into heat-sensitive S and G2-M phases modulated thermal tolerance only slightly. Finally, maximal loss of thermal tolerance was exhibited at the time corresponding to the resumption of viable cell division.

AB - Cell cycle progression delays and subsequent growth kinetics of viable and nonviable Chinese hamster cells following acute (45.5°) hyperthermia were documented in an attempt to correlate these changes with the decay of thermal tolerance. Following heating for various lengths of time, cells exhibited a delay in subsequent division which was related to cell survival by a power function relationship. A cell was considered to be viable if it retained the ability to divide to form a colony of 50 or more cells. The components of the delay in cycle transit for viable cells heated in G1 for treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were approximately 28 hr in G1 and 20 hr in S and G2-M. This represents a 7-fold decrease in the rate progression through G1 and a 2-fold decrease through S and G2-M relative to control rates. The doubling times of viable cells, in subsequent generations, were significantly decreased to a rate 61% of that of control up to 120 h after heating. This reduction was in part due to lethal sectoring, i.e., a division which produces only one daughter that is capable of forming a viable subclone, within the viable progeny. Within a viable subclone, up to 30% of the cells that divided from 48 to 91 hr after a heat treatment of 20 min at 45.5° were found to be nonclonogenic. Following resumption of division, nonviable cells slowly lost their capacity for proliferation. Nearly all thermal tolerance development induced by a 20-min pretreatment occurred while the viable cells remained in G1. Subsequent progression into heat-sensitive S and G2-M phases modulated thermal tolerance only slightly. Finally, maximal loss of thermal tolerance was exhibited at the time corresponding to the resumption of viable cell division.

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