Cutaneous anergy and marrow suppression as complications of gastroplasty for morbid obesity

Susan Bromberg Schneider, Nicolette Erikson, Howard M. Gebel, H. James Wedner, Alex E. Denes, John D. Halverson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although serious morbidity from gastric restriction for morbid obesity is rare, outflow tract dilation after gastroplasty has become a well-recognized complication, and reoperation to decrease outflow tract size has become increasingly common. We report the case of a patient who developed outflow tract obstruction with subsequent malnutrition, recurrent infections, and marrow suppression. Extensive immunologic evaluation revealed impaired cutaneous reactivity to a battery of recall antigens. Other in vitro T cell functions, B cell functions, neutrophil respiration, and quantification of complements were within normal limits. The patient's immunodeficiency was attributed to protein-calorie malnutrition and was corrected with total parenteral nutrition. Recovery of immune function with renutriture was demonstrated, and coincident resolution of infection and marrow suppression also occurred. Because of the reversibility of the immunologic abnormality with appropriate nutritional therapy, it is important to consider and treat malnourishment in connection with any operation in which oral intake is severely limited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-111
Number of pages3
JournalSurgery
Volume94
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Schneider, S. B., Erikson, N., Gebel, H. M., Wedner, H. J., Denes, A. E., & Halverson, J. D. (1983). Cutaneous anergy and marrow suppression as complications of gastroplasty for morbid obesity. Surgery, 94(1), 109-111.