"Crystal Dex

" Free-Base Dextromethorphan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a common component of combination cold medications that has become a popular drug of abuse for young adults. Abusers of DXM have developed a simple acid-base extraction technique to "free-base," or extract, the DXM from the unwanted guaifenesin, coloring agents, sweeteners, and alcohol that are typically included in combination cold preparations. We report a case of DXM overdose after ingestion of this purified "Crystal Dex" and discuss the "Agent Lemon" and single-phase extraction techniques that are used to free-base the dextromethorphan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Fingerprint

Dextromethorphan
Guaifenesin
Sweetening Agents
Street Drugs
Young Adult
Coloring Agents
Eating
Alcohols
Acids

Keywords

  • crystal
  • dextromethorphan
  • emergency medicine
  • free-base
  • overdose
  • toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

"Crystal Dex : " Free-Base Dextromethorphan. / Hendrickson, Robert; Cloutier, Robert.

In: Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 32, No. 4, 05.2007, p. 393-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0033905c7ab94e3bbf55291cbc9d51c7,
title = "{"}Crystal Dex: {"} Free-Base Dextromethorphan",
abstract = "Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a common component of combination cold medications that has become a popular drug of abuse for young adults. Abusers of DXM have developed a simple acid-base extraction technique to {"}free-base,{"} or extract, the DXM from the unwanted guaifenesin, coloring agents, sweeteners, and alcohol that are typically included in combination cold preparations. We report a case of DXM overdose after ingestion of this purified {"}Crystal Dex{"} and discuss the {"}Agent Lemon{"} and single-phase extraction techniques that are used to free-base the dextromethorphan.",
keywords = "crystal, dextromethorphan, emergency medicine, free-base, overdose, toxicity",
author = "Robert Hendrickson and Robert Cloutier",
year = "2007",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.jemermed.2007.03.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "393--396",
journal = "Journal of Emergency Medicine",
issn = "0736-4679",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - "Crystal Dex

T2 - " Free-Base Dextromethorphan

AU - Hendrickson, Robert

AU - Cloutier, Robert

PY - 2007/5

Y1 - 2007/5

N2 - Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a common component of combination cold medications that has become a popular drug of abuse for young adults. Abusers of DXM have developed a simple acid-base extraction technique to "free-base," or extract, the DXM from the unwanted guaifenesin, coloring agents, sweeteners, and alcohol that are typically included in combination cold preparations. We report a case of DXM overdose after ingestion of this purified "Crystal Dex" and discuss the "Agent Lemon" and single-phase extraction techniques that are used to free-base the dextromethorphan.

AB - Dextromethorphan (DXM) is a common component of combination cold medications that has become a popular drug of abuse for young adults. Abusers of DXM have developed a simple acid-base extraction technique to "free-base," or extract, the DXM from the unwanted guaifenesin, coloring agents, sweeteners, and alcohol that are typically included in combination cold preparations. We report a case of DXM overdose after ingestion of this purified "Crystal Dex" and discuss the "Agent Lemon" and single-phase extraction techniques that are used to free-base the dextromethorphan.

KW - crystal

KW - dextromethorphan

KW - emergency medicine

KW - free-base

KW - overdose

KW - toxicity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34248214145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34248214145&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jemermed.2007.03.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jemermed.2007.03.010

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 393

EP - 396

JO - Journal of Emergency Medicine

JF - Journal of Emergency Medicine

SN - 0736-4679

IS - 4

ER -