Critical pulmonary valve stenosis with intact ventricular septum

H. E. Gomez-Engler, G. L. Grunkemeier, Albert Starr

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Abstract

This study presents the authors' experience in the surgical management of the newborn with critical pulmonary stenosis and intact ventricular septum. During the last decade the authors have seen 11 such patients, with a mean age of 2.3 days (maximum 6 days) and a mean weight of 3.6 kilograms (maximum 4.5 kilograms). The primary operation was a valvotomy in 7 patients (1 of whom also had a systemic pulmonary shunt), a commissurotomy with cardiopulmonary bypass in 3 patients, and a shunt alone in 1 patient. One infant died on the second postoperative day and another died following reoperation at 4 mth. The other 9 patients were all alive and progressing satisfactorily when last seen. Five of these patients were beyond their third postoperative yr and the longest survivor was at 7.9 yr. Four of the long-term survivors had undergone reoperation. The authors' choice of operation remains transventricular valvotomy, although an open procedure utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass presents an attractive alternative. A systemic pulmonary shunt as an addition to either of these operations is unnecessary. The perioperative use of prostaglandin E brings about substantial improvement in the early results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-163
Number of pages4
JournalThoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Volume27
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Gomez-Engler, H. E., Grunkemeier, G. L., & Starr, A. (1979). Critical pulmonary valve stenosis with intact ventricular septum. Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon, 27(3), 160-163.