Objective: To examine the cost-effectiveness of prophylactic probiotics on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) prevention in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Study design: We built a decision-analytic model using TreeAge. Effectiveness was assessed using quality-adjusted life-years (QALY). Primary outcome was an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) expressed as cost per QALY gained. Costs were expressed in 2017 US dollars. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (SA) were performed. Results: For the base case analysis, the ICER of probiotics versus no probiotics for the prevention of NEC in VLBW infants was $1868/QALY. SA revealed that probiotics became cost-saving at a NEC rate of 6.5% and higher or with incremental NEC cost of $37,500 or higher. Conclusions: Our model demonstrated that prophylactic probiotics were a cost-effective strategy in NEC reduction. SA confirmed that the model is customizable to various clinical settings and thus, can aid in understanding the economic impact of this intervention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology