Cost and resource implications with serum angiogenic factor estimation in the triage of pre-eclampsia

W. T. Schnettler, D. Dukhovny, J. Wenger, S. Salahuddin, S. J. Ralston, S. Rana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective:s To analyse the economic and resource implications of using plasma soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 s(Flt1) and placenta growth factor (PlGF) measurements in pre-eclampsia evaluation and management. Design: Retrospective cost analysis of our prospective cohort study. Setting: Boston, Massachusetts (USA). Population: Women (n = 176) presenting to the hospital at <34 weeks of gestation for evaluation of possible pre-eclampsia during 2009-10. Cases without complete cost or outcome data (n = 9) and re-enrolments (n = 18) were excluded. Methods Modelled comparisons between the standard approach (combination of blood pressure, urinary protein excretion, alanine aminotransferase and platelet counts) and a novel approach (ratio of plasma sFlt1 and PlGF) using actual hospital data converted to 2012 US dollars in accordance with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Main outcome measures: Direct 2-week costs and resource use by groups having true or false positive and negative test results for adverse outcomes according to approach. Results: The improved specificity of the novel approach decreased the proportion of women falsely labelled as test-positive from 42.3% (34.4-50.2%) to 4.0% (0.85-7.15%) and increased the proportion correctly labelled as test-negative from 23.5% (16.7-30.3%) to 61.7% (53.9-69.5%). This could potentially reduce average per-patient costs by $1215. Substantial quantities of resources [47.2% (35.7-58.7%) of antenatal admissions and 72.5% (68.0-77.0%) of tests for fetal wellbeing] were unnecessarily used for women who were truly negative. A proportion of iatrogenic preterm deliveries among women with negative results was potentially avoidable representing further cost and resource savings. Conclusions: Clinical use of the plasma sFlt1 and PlGF ratio improves risk stratification among women presenting for pre-eclampsia evaluation and has the potential to reduce costs and resource use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1224-1232
Number of pages9
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume120
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Angiogenic factors
  • costs
  • pre-eclampsia
  • resource use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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