Correlation between surface water contamination with amoeba and the onset of symptoms and diagnosis of amoeba-like keratitis

William D. Mathers, John E. Sutphin, James A. Lane, Robert Folberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim - A seasonal variation was noted in the incidence of amoeba-like keratitis in Iowa. The level of contamination of amoeba in surface water has been found previously to vary on a monthly basis for Tulsa, Oklahoma, a region with a similar climate. It was hypothesised that this seasonal variation in amoeba-like keratitis correlated with the concentration of amoeba in surface water. Methods - The monthly variation in the onset of symptoms was determined and date of diagnosis in 137 cases of amoeba-like keratitis, in Iowa, from January 1993 to the end of December 1996. Results - Over a 4 year period a significant variation was found, on a monthly basis, in the onset of symptoms as reported by the patient. There were two peak periods per year when the onset of symptoms was most frequent: June and November. This corresponded closely with the concentration of amoeba in the ground water reported for a similar region in the mid-west (Tulsa, Oklahoma). A yearly increase was found in the number of cases diagnosed from January 1993 to the end of December 1996. Conclusions - This study supports the hypothesis that the concentration of amoeba in surface water may influence the rate of an amoeba-like keratitis infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1143-1146
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume82
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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