Context.-The 4-probe, multicolor, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) panel targeting chromosomes 6 and 11 has shown promising sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing between benign nevi and malignant melanoma. Only a few studies have assessed the potential utility of FISH in classification of histologically ambiguous melanocytic lesions. In the United States, this assay is exclusively licensed to NeoGenomics Laboratories (Irvine, California), which provides the technical component and has developed an innovative service (MelanoSITE) allowing pathologists to interpret FISH results using a dedicated Web portal. Thus far, use of MelanoSITE as a diagnostic adjunct in the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions has not, to our knowledge, been reported in the literature. Objective.-To analyze 1.5 years of experience with the MelanoSITE melanoma FISH assay in the evaluation of histologically ambiguous lesions in the context of second opinion and routine dermatopathology practice. Design.-A prospective histologic/FISH correlation study of 140 cases. Results.-Twenty- seven percent of abnormal FISH results were false-positive results because of tetraploidy. After correcting for known false-positive results, all lesions considered atypical nevi showed normal FISH signals. Abnormal FISH signals were reported in 30% of lesions considered histologically borderline and in 48% of lesions in which a diagnosis of melanoma was favored. Conclusions.-Four-probe, multicolor FISH results for melanoma correlate with the microscopic assessments of histologically ambiguous lesions. Pathologists using MelanoSITE must be aware of the high rate of false-positive results from tetraploidy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology