Copper transfer to the N-terminal domain of the Wilson disease protein (ATP7B): X-ray absorption spectroscopy of reconstituted and chaperone-loaded metal binding domains and their interaction with exogenous ligands

Martina Ralle, Svetlana Lutsenko, Ninian Blackburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The copper-transporting ATPases are 165-175 kDa membrane proteins, composed of 8 transmembrane segments and two large cytosolic domains, the N-terminal copper-binding domain and the catalytic ATP-hydrolyzing domain. In ATP7B, the Wilson disease protein, the N-terminal domain is made up of six metal-binding sub-domains containing the MXCXXC motif which is known to coordinate copper via the two cysteine residues. We have expressed the N-terminal domain of ATP7B as a soluble C-terminal fusion with the maltose binding protein. This expression system produces a protein which can be reconstituted with copper without recourse to the harsh denaturing conditions or low pH reported by other laboratories. Here we describe the reconstitution of the metal binding domains (MBD) with Cu(I) using a number of different protocols, including copper loading via the chaperone, Atox1. X-ray absorption spectra have been obtained on all these derivatives, and their ability to bind exogenous ligands has been assessed. The results establish that the metal-binding domains bind Cu(I) predominantly in a bis cysteinate environment, and are able to bind exogenous ligands such as DTT in a similar fashion to Atox1. We have further observed that exogenous ligand binding induces the formation of a Cu-Cu interaction which may signal a conformational change of the N-terminal domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-774
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

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X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
X ray absorption spectroscopy
Copper
Metals
Ligands
Maltose-Binding Proteins
X ray absorption
Cysteine
Absorption spectra
Catalytic Domain
Membrane Proteins
Fusion reactions
Adenosine Triphosphate
X-Rays
Derivatives
Wilson disease protein
Proteins

Keywords

  • Copper Chaperone ATPase EXAFS Wilson

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Copper transfer to the N-terminal domain of the Wilson disease protein (ATP7B): X-ray absorption spectroscopy of reconstituted and chaperone-loaded metal binding domains and their interaction with exogenous ligands",
abstract = "The copper-transporting ATPases are 165-175 kDa membrane proteins, composed of 8 transmembrane segments and two large cytosolic domains, the N-terminal copper-binding domain and the catalytic ATP-hydrolyzing domain. In ATP7B, the Wilson disease protein, the N-terminal domain is made up of six metal-binding sub-domains containing the MXCXXC motif which is known to coordinate copper via the two cysteine residues. We have expressed the N-terminal domain of ATP7B as a soluble C-terminal fusion with the maltose binding protein. This expression system produces a protein which can be reconstituted with copper without recourse to the harsh denaturing conditions or low pH reported by other laboratories. Here we describe the reconstitution of the metal binding domains (MBD) with Cu(I) using a number of different protocols, including copper loading via the chaperone, Atox1. X-ray absorption spectra have been obtained on all these derivatives, and their ability to bind exogenous ligands has been assessed. The results establish that the metal-binding domains bind Cu(I) predominantly in a bis cysteinate environment, and are able to bind exogenous ligands such as DTT in a similar fashion to Atox1. We have further observed that exogenous ligand binding induces the formation of a Cu-Cu interaction which may signal a conformational change of the N-terminal domain.",
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T1 - Copper transfer to the N-terminal domain of the Wilson disease protein (ATP7B)

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AU - Ralle, Martina

AU - Lutsenko, Svetlana

AU - Blackburn, Ninian

PY - 2004/5

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N2 - The copper-transporting ATPases are 165-175 kDa membrane proteins, composed of 8 transmembrane segments and two large cytosolic domains, the N-terminal copper-binding domain and the catalytic ATP-hydrolyzing domain. In ATP7B, the Wilson disease protein, the N-terminal domain is made up of six metal-binding sub-domains containing the MXCXXC motif which is known to coordinate copper via the two cysteine residues. We have expressed the N-terminal domain of ATP7B as a soluble C-terminal fusion with the maltose binding protein. This expression system produces a protein which can be reconstituted with copper without recourse to the harsh denaturing conditions or low pH reported by other laboratories. Here we describe the reconstitution of the metal binding domains (MBD) with Cu(I) using a number of different protocols, including copper loading via the chaperone, Atox1. X-ray absorption spectra have been obtained on all these derivatives, and their ability to bind exogenous ligands has been assessed. The results establish that the metal-binding domains bind Cu(I) predominantly in a bis cysteinate environment, and are able to bind exogenous ligands such as DTT in a similar fashion to Atox1. We have further observed that exogenous ligand binding induces the formation of a Cu-Cu interaction which may signal a conformational change of the N-terminal domain.

AB - The copper-transporting ATPases are 165-175 kDa membrane proteins, composed of 8 transmembrane segments and two large cytosolic domains, the N-terminal copper-binding domain and the catalytic ATP-hydrolyzing domain. In ATP7B, the Wilson disease protein, the N-terminal domain is made up of six metal-binding sub-domains containing the MXCXXC motif which is known to coordinate copper via the two cysteine residues. We have expressed the N-terminal domain of ATP7B as a soluble C-terminal fusion with the maltose binding protein. This expression system produces a protein which can be reconstituted with copper without recourse to the harsh denaturing conditions or low pH reported by other laboratories. Here we describe the reconstitution of the metal binding domains (MBD) with Cu(I) using a number of different protocols, including copper loading via the chaperone, Atox1. X-ray absorption spectra have been obtained on all these derivatives, and their ability to bind exogenous ligands has been assessed. The results establish that the metal-binding domains bind Cu(I) predominantly in a bis cysteinate environment, and are able to bind exogenous ligands such as DTT in a similar fashion to Atox1. We have further observed that exogenous ligand binding induces the formation of a Cu-Cu interaction which may signal a conformational change of the N-terminal domain.

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