Cooperativity and flexibility of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator transmembrane segments participate in membrane localization of a charged residue

Kristin Carveth, Teresa Buck, Victoria Anthony, William R. Skach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polytopic protein topology is established in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by sequence determinants encoded throughout the nascent polypeptide. Here we characterize 12 topogenic determinants in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, and identify a novel mechanism by which a charged residue is positioned within the plane of the lipid bilayer. During cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator biogenesis, topology of the C-terminal transmembrane domain (TMs 7-12) is directed by alternating signal (TMs 7, 9, and 11) and stop transfer (TMs 8, 10, and 12) sequences. Unlike conventional stop transfer sequences, however, TM8 is unable to independently terminate translocation due to the presence of a single charged residue, Asp924, within the TM segment. Instead, TM8 stop transfer activity is specifically dependent on TM7, which functions both to initiate translocation and to compensate for the charged residue within TM8. Moreover, even in the presence of TM7, the N terminus of TM8 extends significantly into the ER lumen, suggesting a high degree of flexibility in establishing TM8 transmembrane boundaries. These studies demonstrate that signal sequences can markedly influence stop transfer behavior and indicate that ER translocation machinery simultaneously integrates information from multiple topogenic determinants as they are presented in rapid succession during polytopic protein biogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39507-39514
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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