Contribution of bacterial sepsis to morbidity in infants born to HIV-infected Haitian mothers

Francine Noel, Peter F. Wright, Gyrlande Bois, Marie Marcelle Deschamps, Patricia De Matteis, Rachelle Cassangnol, Maryse Thimothee, Katucia Celestin, Louise Vaz, John A. Bradshaw, Emilio Brignoli, Yuwei Zhu, Warren D. Johnson, Daniel Fitzgerald, Jean W. Pape

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Haiti is a country with a heavy burden of HIV infection in childbearing women. Previous studies have shown that early infant deaths are common in children of HIV-infected women. This study was designed to define the rates of and risk factors for systemic bacterial and mycobacterial infection in such children and to identify the causative agents. METHODS: A cohort of 120 children born to HIV-infected mothers between May 2001 and December 2003 were prospectively observed to 15 months of age. They received comprehensive pediatric care at the GHESKIO Centers. Children were assigned to being HIV-infected by serology, RNA detection, and/or defining clinical illnesses. Blood cultures were obtained before giving antibiotics in children who were febrile or chronically ill. Blood cultures also were obtained at selected visits on well children. RESULTS: The mortality rate in the first 15 months was high, 22 of 106 (207/1000 live births) in these children. Sixteen (70%) deaths were within 6 months of birth. Fourty-eight blood cultures had clinically significant organisms of which 38 were Staphylococcus aureus. Blood cultures were more likely to be positive in symptomatic and in HIV-infected children. CONCLUSIONS: Despite perinatal HIV treatment, mortality in children born to HIV-infected mothers remained high. Bacteremia, particularly with Staphylococcus aureus, is a partial explanation for excess illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Bacteremia
  • Haiti
  • Pediatric HIV
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Noel, F., Wright, P. F., Bois, G., Deschamps, M. M., De Matteis, P., Cassangnol, R., Thimothee, M., Celestin, K., Vaz, L., Bradshaw, J. A., Brignoli, E., Zhu, Y., Johnson, W. D., Fitzgerald, D., & Pape, J. W. (2006). Contribution of bacterial sepsis to morbidity in infants born to HIV-infected Haitian mothers. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 43(3), 313-319. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.qai.0000242463.73817.c6