Imaging plays a crucial role in evaluating newborns and infants with cloacal and urogenital malformations. Contrast-enhanced genitosonography (ceGS) and contrast-enhanced colosonography (ceCS) are sensitive and radiation-free alternatives to fluoroscopic genitography and colography for diagnosis and surgical planning. These imaging techniques are performed by instilling a US contrast agent into specific body cavities to define the genitourinary and colorectal anatomy. This review article presents the experience with ceGS and ceCS applications in children, focusing on the background, examination technique, and interpretation of imaging findings, as well as strengths and weaknesses compared to conventional techniques.
- Contrast-enhanced colosonography
- Contrast-enhanced genitosonography
- Distal colostogram
- Intracavitary contrast ultrasound
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging