Contraceptive and reproductive risk factors for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in American Indian women

Melissa Schiff, Jill Miller, Mary Masuk, Linda Van Asselt King, Kathleen K. Altobelli, Cosette M. Wheeler, Thomas M. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate contraceptive and reproductive risk factors for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in southwestern American Indian women. Methods. We conducted a clinic-based case-control study. Cases were American Indian women with biopsy-proven CIN I, CIN II or CIN III. Controls were from the same clinics and had normal cervical epithelium. All subjects underwent structured interviews focused on contraceptive and reproductive factors. Laboratory assays included polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based tests for cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Results. We enrolled 628 women in the study. The strongest risk factors for CIN II/III included HPV infection (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 7.9, 95% CI: 4.7-13.2), and low income (OR = 3.1, 95% CI: 1.7-5.7). The use of an intrauterine device (IUD) ever (OR = 3.0, 95% CI: 1.4-6.1) and currently (OR = 4.1, 95% CI: 1.1-14.6), and ≥3 vaginal deliveries (OR = 5.2, 95% CI : 2.4-11.1) were associated with CIN II/III. History of infertility was also associated with CIN II/III (OR = 2.1, 95% CI : 1.0-4.2). Conclusions. The data suggest that history of infertility, IUD use and vaginal deliveries were associated with CIN among American Indian women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)983-998
Number of pages16
JournalInternational journal of epidemiology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Cervix dysplasia
  • Cross cultural comparison
  • Indians North American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Contraceptive and reproductive risk factors for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in American Indian women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this