Zebrafish has been advocated as an alternative animal model to study lymphocyte development, although the similarities in the genetic requirements of lymphopoiesis between fish and mammals have not yet been investigated. In this study, we examine the role of the transcription factor Ikaros in zebrafish lymphopoiesis. In fish larvae homozygous for an ikaros allele predicted to lack the C-terminal zinc fingers, T lymphopoiesis is absent; the presence of V HDμJμ rearrangements in adolescent fish is delayed in mutants. In adolescent mutant fish, T cells expressing tcrb and tcrd and B cells expressing igm are formed with low efficiency and display an oligoclonal Ag receptor repertoire. By contrast, B cells expressing the igz isotype do not develop, providing genetic evidence for two separate B cell lineages in zebrafish. Thus, Ikaros appears to play similar roles in fish and mammalian lymphopoiesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy