We tested the efficacy of preischemic and postischemic systemic treatment with 30,000 units polyethylene glycol-conjugated superoxide dismutase in a reperfusion model of focal cerebral ischemia. Forty-one anesthetized cats underwent 2 hours’ occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery and both common carotid arteries followed by 4 hours of reperfusion. Cats were blindly assigned to one of three groups: Treatment with vehicle (10% polyethylene glycol in saline, n=17), pretreatment with drug 3 hours before ischemia (n=12), and posttreatment with drug at the time of reperfusion (n = 12). Size of the ischemic injury was calculated from 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. Injury in the caudate nucleus was significantly reduced with pretreatment (28 ±6% of ipsilateral caudate volume, mean ± SEM) compared with the vehicle (56±8%). Posttreatment did not significantly ameliorate caudate injury (46±10%). Between the first and second hours of ischemia ipsilateral caudate blood flow determined using microspheres increased significantly from 11±4 to 16±5 ml/min/100 g with pretreatment, but blood flow remained constant throughout ischemia with vehicle (8±2 ml/min/100 g) and posttreatment (10±3 ml/min/100 g). The size of cortical injury (vehicle, 17±5%; pretreatment, 11 ±3%; posttreatment, 17±5% of hemispheric volume) did not differ significantly among groups. Somatosensory evoked potential recovery did not differ among groups. We conclude that pretreatment with conjugated superoxide dismutase can ameliorate the extent of injury in an end-artery region, such as the caudate nucleus, in a reperfusion model of focal ischemia. Because posttreatment was less effective and pretreatment led to increased blood flow during ischemia, superoxide dismutase may operate via a vascular mechanism during ischemia.
- Cerebral blood flow
- Evoked potentials
- Superoxide dismutase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing