Concanavalin A supernatant recruits antigen-insensitive IgG memory B lymphocyte precursors into an antigen-sensitive precursor pool

S. L. Kaattari, M. B. Rittenberg

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Abstract

Spleen cells from mice primed to trinitrophenyl-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (TNP-KLH) generate IgG anti-TNP memory responses when stimulated in vitro with either thymus-dependent (TD) or thymus-independent (TI) forms of the hapten. When supernatants from Con A-stimulated spleen cells (Con A Sup) were added to such secondary cultures the TI responses to DNP-dextran or TNP-T4 were augmented; the TD response to TNP-KLH was suppressed. Passage over Sephadex and addition of α-methyl-D-mannoside did not inhibit augmentation by Con A Sup, indicating that augmentation did not result from direct action of the lectin on the responding cells. Augmentation occurred equally well in cultures that had been depleted of T cells by treatment with anti-Thy-1.2 and complement. Limiting dilution analyses revealed that Con A Sup increased the frequency of TI-responding precursors approximately threefold while causing a concomitant decrease in TD-responding precursors. To determine the relationship of the additional TI precursors and those normally detected in the absence of Con A Sup, the TI-responding IgG precursors were first eliminated through selective suicide by using DNP-dextran plus BUdR and light treatment; subsequently no TI-responding IgG PFC could be detected to DNP-dextran unless Con A Sup was also added. The data suggest Con A Sup may augment the TI responses to DNP-dextran and TNP-T4 by recruiting additional precursors from a memory cell pool formerly insensitive to these forms of antigen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)720-725
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume128
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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