Objective: To describe the computed tomography (CT) features of corpus luteal cysts. Methods: We retrospectively identified 10 patients with a diagnosis of corpus luteal cysts established by ultrasound who had also undergone contemporaneous CT. A single attending radiologist, without knowledge of other clinical or radiologic findings, recorded the morphologic features of the cysts based on the CT images. Results: The corpus luteal cyst seen at sonography was visible at CT in all 10 patients. All cysts were unilocular, with a mean density of 25 HU (range, 12 to 45). The mean maximum axial cyst diameter was 2.2 cm (range, 1.4 to 2.9). The mean cyst wall thickness was 3 mm (range, 2 to 4). All cyst walls were crenulated. Cyst wall enhancement was hyperdense in 6 cases, isodense in 3 cases, and hypodense in 1 case. Free fluid was seen in 9 of 10 patients. Conclusions: At CT, corpus luteal cysts are typically less than 3 cm in diameter and are characterized by a thick, crenulated, or hyperdense wall. Recognition of these CT findings should prevent misinterpretation or inappropriate management.
- Computed tomography (CT)
- Corpus luteum
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging