Computed tomographic imaging of stapes implants

Frank M. Warren, Sterling Riggs, Richard H. Wiggins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

HYPOTHESIS: Computed tomographic (CT) imaging of stapes prostheses is inaccurate. BACKGROUND: Clinical situations arise in which it would be helpful to determine the depth of penetration of a stapes prosthesis into the vestibule. The accuracy of CT imaging for this purpose has not been defined. This study was aimed to determine the accuracy of CT imaging to predict the depth of intrusion of stapes prostheses into the vestibule. METHODS: The measurement of stapes prostheses by CT scan was compared with physical measurements in 8 cadaveric temporal bones. RESULTS: The depth of intrusion into the vestibule of the piston was underestimated in specimens with the fluoroplastic piston by a mean of 0.5 mm when compared with the measurements obtained in the temporal bones. The depth of penetration of the stainless steel implant was overestimated by 0.5 mm when compared with that in the temporal bone. CONCLUSION: The type of implant must be taken into consideration when estimating the depth of penetration into the vestibule using CT scanning because the imaging characteristics of the implanted materials differ. The position of fluoroplastic pistons cannot be accurately measured in the vestibule. Metallic implants are well visualized, and measurements exceeding 2.2 mm increase the suspicion of otolithic impingement. Special reconstructions along the length of the piston may be more accurate in estimating the position of stapes implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-592
Number of pages7
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Imaging
  • Otosclerosis
  • Saccule
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Stapes
  • Vertigo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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