Comparison of treatment planning approaches for spatially fractionated irradiation of deep tumors

Khadija Sheikh, William T. Hrinivich, Leslie A. Bell, Joseph A. Moore, Wolfram Laub, Akila N. Viswanathan, Yulong Yan, Todd R. McNutt, Jeffrey Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to compare the dosimetry and delivery times of 3D-conformal (3DCRT)-, volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-, and tomotherapy-based approaches for spatially fractionated radiation therapy for deep tumor targets. Methods: Two virtual GRID phantoms were created consisting of 7 “target” cylinders (1-cm diameter) aligned longitudinally along the tumor in a honey-comb pattern, mimicking a conventional GRID block, with 2-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID2 cm) and 3-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID3 cm), all contained within a larger cylinder (8 and 10 cm in diameter for the GRID2 cm and GRID3 cm, respectively). In a single patient, a GRID3 cm structure was created within the gross tumor volume (GTV). Tomotherapy, VMAT (6 MV + 6 MV-flattening-filter-free) and multi-leaf collimator segment 3DCRT (6 MV) plans were created using commercially available software. Two tomotherapy plans were created with field widths (TOMO2.5 cm) 2.5 cm and (TOMO5 cm) 5 cm. Prescriptions for all plans were set to deliver a mean dose of 15 Gy to the GRID targets in one fraction. The mean dose to the GRID target and the heterogeneity of the dose distribution (peak-to-valley and peak-to-edge dose ratios) inside the GRID target were obtained. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was determined. Results: The peak-to-valley ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.1/2.3/2.8, 1.7/1.5/2.8, 1.7/1.9/2.4, and 1.8/2.0/2.8 for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The peak-to-edge ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.8/3.2/5.4, 2.1/1.8/5.4, 2.0/2.2/3.9, 2.1/2.7/5.2 and for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was lowest in the TOMO2.5 cm plan (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 54 cm3/19 cm3/10 cm3). The VMAT plans had the lowest delivery times (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 17 min/8 min/9 min). Conclusion: Our results present, for the first time, preliminary evidence comparing IMRT-GRID approaches which result in high-dose “islands” within a target, mimicking what is achieved with a conventional GRID block but without high-dose “tail” regions outside of the target. These approaches differ modestly in their ability to achieve high peak-to-edge ratios and also differ in delivery times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-133
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy
planning
Tumors
tumors
Irradiation
Planning
therapy
irradiation
arcs
dosage
Tissue
Neoplasms
Radiotherapy
delivery
Dosimetry
Therapeutics
valleys
Comb and Wattles
Honey
spacing

Keywords

  • deep-seated tumors
  • grid therapy
  • spatially fractionated radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Sheikh, K., Hrinivich, W. T., Bell, L. A., Moore, J. A., Laub, W., Viswanathan, A. N., ... Meyer, J. (2019). Comparison of treatment planning approaches for spatially fractionated irradiation of deep tumors. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 20(6), 125-133. https://doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12617

Comparison of treatment planning approaches for spatially fractionated irradiation of deep tumors. / Sheikh, Khadija; Hrinivich, William T.; Bell, Leslie A.; Moore, Joseph A.; Laub, Wolfram; Viswanathan, Akila N.; Yan, Yulong; McNutt, Todd R.; Meyer, Jeffrey.

In: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, Vol. 20, No. 6, 01.06.2019, p. 125-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheikh, K, Hrinivich, WT, Bell, LA, Moore, JA, Laub, W, Viswanathan, AN, Yan, Y, McNutt, TR & Meyer, J 2019, 'Comparison of treatment planning approaches for spatially fractionated irradiation of deep tumors', Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 125-133. https://doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12617
Sheikh, Khadija ; Hrinivich, William T. ; Bell, Leslie A. ; Moore, Joseph A. ; Laub, Wolfram ; Viswanathan, Akila N. ; Yan, Yulong ; McNutt, Todd R. ; Meyer, Jeffrey. / Comparison of treatment planning approaches for spatially fractionated irradiation of deep tumors. In: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 6. pp. 125-133.
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abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this work was to compare the dosimetry and delivery times of 3D-conformal (3DCRT)-, volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-, and tomotherapy-based approaches for spatially fractionated radiation therapy for deep tumor targets. Methods: Two virtual GRID phantoms were created consisting of 7 “target” cylinders (1-cm diameter) aligned longitudinally along the tumor in a honey-comb pattern, mimicking a conventional GRID block, with 2-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID2 cm) and 3-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID3 cm), all contained within a larger cylinder (8 and 10 cm in diameter for the GRID2 cm and GRID3 cm, respectively). In a single patient, a GRID3 cm structure was created within the gross tumor volume (GTV). Tomotherapy, VMAT (6 MV + 6 MV-flattening-filter-free) and multi-leaf collimator segment 3DCRT (6 MV) plans were created using commercially available software. Two tomotherapy plans were created with field widths (TOMO2.5 cm) 2.5 cm and (TOMO5 cm) 5 cm. Prescriptions for all plans were set to deliver a mean dose of 15 Gy to the GRID targets in one fraction. The mean dose to the GRID target and the heterogeneity of the dose distribution (peak-to-valley and peak-to-edge dose ratios) inside the GRID target were obtained. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was determined. Results: The peak-to-valley ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.1/2.3/2.8, 1.7/1.5/2.8, 1.7/1.9/2.4, and 1.8/2.0/2.8 for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The peak-to-edge ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.8/3.2/5.4, 2.1/1.8/5.4, 2.0/2.2/3.9, 2.1/2.7/5.2 and for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was lowest in the TOMO2.5 cm plan (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 54 cm3/19 cm3/10 cm3). The VMAT plans had the lowest delivery times (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 17 min/8 min/9 min). Conclusion: Our results present, for the first time, preliminary evidence comparing IMRT-GRID approaches which result in high-dose “islands” within a target, mimicking what is achieved with a conventional GRID block but without high-dose “tail” regions outside of the target. These approaches differ modestly in their ability to achieve high peak-to-edge ratios and also differ in delivery times.",
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T1 - Comparison of treatment planning approaches for spatially fractionated irradiation of deep tumors

AU - Sheikh, Khadija

AU - Hrinivich, William T.

AU - Bell, Leslie A.

AU - Moore, Joseph A.

AU - Laub, Wolfram

AU - Viswanathan, Akila N.

AU - Yan, Yulong

AU - McNutt, Todd R.

AU - Meyer, Jeffrey

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this work was to compare the dosimetry and delivery times of 3D-conformal (3DCRT)-, volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-, and tomotherapy-based approaches for spatially fractionated radiation therapy for deep tumor targets. Methods: Two virtual GRID phantoms were created consisting of 7 “target” cylinders (1-cm diameter) aligned longitudinally along the tumor in a honey-comb pattern, mimicking a conventional GRID block, with 2-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID2 cm) and 3-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID3 cm), all contained within a larger cylinder (8 and 10 cm in diameter for the GRID2 cm and GRID3 cm, respectively). In a single patient, a GRID3 cm structure was created within the gross tumor volume (GTV). Tomotherapy, VMAT (6 MV + 6 MV-flattening-filter-free) and multi-leaf collimator segment 3DCRT (6 MV) plans were created using commercially available software. Two tomotherapy plans were created with field widths (TOMO2.5 cm) 2.5 cm and (TOMO5 cm) 5 cm. Prescriptions for all plans were set to deliver a mean dose of 15 Gy to the GRID targets in one fraction. The mean dose to the GRID target and the heterogeneity of the dose distribution (peak-to-valley and peak-to-edge dose ratios) inside the GRID target were obtained. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was determined. Results: The peak-to-valley ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.1/2.3/2.8, 1.7/1.5/2.8, 1.7/1.9/2.4, and 1.8/2.0/2.8 for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The peak-to-edge ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.8/3.2/5.4, 2.1/1.8/5.4, 2.0/2.2/3.9, 2.1/2.7/5.2 and for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was lowest in the TOMO2.5 cm plan (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 54 cm3/19 cm3/10 cm3). The VMAT plans had the lowest delivery times (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 17 min/8 min/9 min). Conclusion: Our results present, for the first time, preliminary evidence comparing IMRT-GRID approaches which result in high-dose “islands” within a target, mimicking what is achieved with a conventional GRID block but without high-dose “tail” regions outside of the target. These approaches differ modestly in their ability to achieve high peak-to-edge ratios and also differ in delivery times.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this work was to compare the dosimetry and delivery times of 3D-conformal (3DCRT)-, volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)-, and tomotherapy-based approaches for spatially fractionated radiation therapy for deep tumor targets. Methods: Two virtual GRID phantoms were created consisting of 7 “target” cylinders (1-cm diameter) aligned longitudinally along the tumor in a honey-comb pattern, mimicking a conventional GRID block, with 2-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID2 cm) and 3-cm center-to-center spacing (GRID3 cm), all contained within a larger cylinder (8 and 10 cm in diameter for the GRID2 cm and GRID3 cm, respectively). In a single patient, a GRID3 cm structure was created within the gross tumor volume (GTV). Tomotherapy, VMAT (6 MV + 6 MV-flattening-filter-free) and multi-leaf collimator segment 3DCRT (6 MV) plans were created using commercially available software. Two tomotherapy plans were created with field widths (TOMO2.5 cm) 2.5 cm and (TOMO5 cm) 5 cm. Prescriptions for all plans were set to deliver a mean dose of 15 Gy to the GRID targets in one fraction. The mean dose to the GRID target and the heterogeneity of the dose distribution (peak-to-valley and peak-to-edge dose ratios) inside the GRID target were obtained. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was determined. Results: The peak-to-valley ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.1/2.3/2.8, 1.7/1.5/2.8, 1.7/1.9/2.4, and 1.8/2.0/2.8 for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The peak-to-edge ratios for GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient were 2.8/3.2/5.4, 2.1/1.8/5.4, 2.0/2.2/3.9, 2.1/2.7/5.2 and for the 3DCRT, VMAT, TOMO5 cm, and TOMO2.5 cm plans, respectively. The volume of normal tissue receiving 7.5 Gy was lowest in the TOMO2.5 cm plan (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 54 cm3/19 cm3/10 cm3). The VMAT plans had the lowest delivery times (GRID2 cm/GRID3 cm/Patient = 17 min/8 min/9 min). Conclusion: Our results present, for the first time, preliminary evidence comparing IMRT-GRID approaches which result in high-dose “islands” within a target, mimicking what is achieved with a conventional GRID block but without high-dose “tail” regions outside of the target. These approaches differ modestly in their ability to achieve high peak-to-edge ratios and also differ in delivery times.

KW - deep-seated tumors

KW - grid therapy

KW - spatially fractionated radiotherapy

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