Adjuvant, prophylactic, antilymphoblast globulin and standard immunosuppression have produced comparable long-term cadaver kidney graft survivals at separate institutions. A comparison was made of 35 primary cadaver kidney grafts into recipients treated with prophylactic, adjuvant antilymphoblast globulin to 55 recipients of primary cadaver kidney grafts treated with standard immunosuppression. Antilymphoblast globulin delayed early rejection episodes (P under 0.05), making early post-transplant management simpler. There were no significant differences between the two groups with respect to graft losses due to rejection at any interval beyond one month.
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