Comparison of perioperative outcomes after combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy and open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy

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71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) has gained popularity in specialized centers. This study compares the perioperative outcomes of TLE and Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (ILE). Methods: Forty-four consecutive TLEs were compared with 46 historical ILEs. Outcomes included surgical time and blood loss, hospital length of stay, 30-day mortality rate, and complications. Results: TLE took longer to perform (543 vs 437 min; P < .01) than ILE, but produced less blood loss (407 vs 780 mL; P < .01). The median length of stay and 30-day mortality did not differ between groups. Cardiovascular (41% for TLE vs 30% for ILE; P = .19) and pulmonary complications (31% TLE vs 30% ILE; P = 1.0) occurred frequently in both groups, but TLE patients had fewer wound complications (4% TLE vs 17% ILE; P = .05). Conclusions: Despite longer surgical times, TLE produced decreased intraoperative blood loss and wound complications. These findings suggest that with further technical refinement TLE may ameliorate the morbidity seen with ILE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-598
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume199
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • Esophagectomy
  • Ivor-lewis esophagectomy
  • Minimally invasive
  • Perioperative morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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