Comparison of perioperative outcomes after combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy and open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy

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Abstract

Background: Thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) has gained popularity in specialized centers. This study compares the perioperative outcomes of TLE and Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (ILE). Methods: Forty-four consecutive TLEs were compared with 46 historical ILEs. Outcomes included surgical time and blood loss, hospital length of stay, 30-day mortality rate, and complications. Results: TLE took longer to perform (543 vs 437 min; P <.01) than ILE, but produced less blood loss (407 vs 780 mL; P <.01). The median length of stay and 30-day mortality did not differ between groups. Cardiovascular (41% for TLE vs 30% for ILE; P = .19) and pulmonary complications (31% TLE vs 30% ILE; P = 1.0) occurred frequently in both groups, but TLE patients had fewer wound complications (4% TLE vs 17% ILE; P = .05). Conclusions: Despite longer surgical times, TLE produced decreased intraoperative blood loss and wound complications. These findings suggest that with further technical refinement TLE may ameliorate the morbidity seen with ILE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-598
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume199
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

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Esophagectomy
Length of Stay
Operative Time
Surgical Blood Loss
Mortality
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Esophagectomy
  • Ivor-lewis esophagectomy
  • Minimally invasive
  • Perioperative morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of perioperative outcomes after combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy and open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy",
abstract = "Background: Thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) has gained popularity in specialized centers. This study compares the perioperative outcomes of TLE and Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (ILE). Methods: Forty-four consecutive TLEs were compared with 46 historical ILEs. Outcomes included surgical time and blood loss, hospital length of stay, 30-day mortality rate, and complications. Results: TLE took longer to perform (543 vs 437 min; P <.01) than ILE, but produced less blood loss (407 vs 780 mL; P <.01). The median length of stay and 30-day mortality did not differ between groups. Cardiovascular (41{\%} for TLE vs 30{\%} for ILE; P = .19) and pulmonary complications (31{\%} TLE vs 30{\%} ILE; P = 1.0) occurred frequently in both groups, but TLE patients had fewer wound complications (4{\%} TLE vs 17{\%} ILE; P = .05). Conclusions: Despite longer surgical times, TLE produced decreased intraoperative blood loss and wound complications. These findings suggest that with further technical refinement TLE may ameliorate the morbidity seen with ILE.",
keywords = "Esophagectomy, Ivor-lewis esophagectomy, Minimally invasive, Perioperative morbidity",
author = "Pham, {Thai H.} and Perry, {Kyle A.} and James Dolan and Paul Schipper and Mithran Sukumar and Brett Sheppard and John Hunter",
year = "2010",
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language = "English (US)",
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T1 - Comparison of perioperative outcomes after combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy and open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy

AU - Pham, Thai H.

AU - Perry, Kyle A.

AU - Dolan, James

AU - Schipper, Paul

AU - Sukumar, Mithran

AU - Sheppard, Brett

AU - Hunter, John

PY - 2010/5

Y1 - 2010/5

N2 - Background: Thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) has gained popularity in specialized centers. This study compares the perioperative outcomes of TLE and Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (ILE). Methods: Forty-four consecutive TLEs were compared with 46 historical ILEs. Outcomes included surgical time and blood loss, hospital length of stay, 30-day mortality rate, and complications. Results: TLE took longer to perform (543 vs 437 min; P <.01) than ILE, but produced less blood loss (407 vs 780 mL; P <.01). The median length of stay and 30-day mortality did not differ between groups. Cardiovascular (41% for TLE vs 30% for ILE; P = .19) and pulmonary complications (31% TLE vs 30% ILE; P = 1.0) occurred frequently in both groups, but TLE patients had fewer wound complications (4% TLE vs 17% ILE; P = .05). Conclusions: Despite longer surgical times, TLE produced decreased intraoperative blood loss and wound complications. These findings suggest that with further technical refinement TLE may ameliorate the morbidity seen with ILE.

AB - Background: Thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) has gained popularity in specialized centers. This study compares the perioperative outcomes of TLE and Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (ILE). Methods: Forty-four consecutive TLEs were compared with 46 historical ILEs. Outcomes included surgical time and blood loss, hospital length of stay, 30-day mortality rate, and complications. Results: TLE took longer to perform (543 vs 437 min; P <.01) than ILE, but produced less blood loss (407 vs 780 mL; P <.01). The median length of stay and 30-day mortality did not differ between groups. Cardiovascular (41% for TLE vs 30% for ILE; P = .19) and pulmonary complications (31% TLE vs 30% ILE; P = 1.0) occurred frequently in both groups, but TLE patients had fewer wound complications (4% TLE vs 17% ILE; P = .05). Conclusions: Despite longer surgical times, TLE produced decreased intraoperative blood loss and wound complications. These findings suggest that with further technical refinement TLE may ameliorate the morbidity seen with ILE.

KW - Esophagectomy

KW - Ivor-lewis esophagectomy

KW - Minimally invasive

KW - Perioperative morbidity

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