Comparison of newer IOL power calculation methods for eyes with previous radial keratotomy

Jack X. Ma, Maolong Tang, Li Wang, Mitchell P. Weikert, David Huang, Douglas D. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. To evaluate the accuracy of the optical coherence tomography-based (OCT formula) and Barrett True K (True K) intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in eyes with previous radial keratotomy (RK). METHODS. In 95 eyes of 65 patients, using the actual refraction following cataract surgery as target refraction, the predicted IOL power for each method was calculated. The IOL prediction error (PE) was obtained by subtracting the predicted IOL power from the implanted IOL power. The arithmetic IOL PE and median refractive PE were calculated and compared. RESULTS. All formulas except the True K produced hyperopic IOL PEs at 1 month, which decreased at ≥4 months (all P <0.05). For the double-K Holladay 1, OCT formula, True K, and average of these three formulas (Average), the median absolute refractive PEs were, respectively, 0.78 diopters (D), 0.74 D, 0.60 D, and 0.59 D at 1 month; 0.69 D, 0.77 D, 0.77 D, and 0.61 D at 2 to 3 months; and 0.34 D, 0.65 D, 0.69 D, and 0.46 D at ≥4 months. The Average produced significantly smaller refractive PE than did the double-K Holladay 1 at 1 month (P <0.05). There were no significant differences in refractive PEs among formulas at 4 months. CONCLUSIONS. The OCT formula and True K were comparable to the double-K Holladay 1 method on the ASCRS (American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery) calculator. The Average IOL power on the ASCRS calculator may be considered when selecting the IOL power. Further improvements in the accuracy of IOL power calculation in RK eyes are desirable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)OCT162-OCT168
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume57
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

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Radial Keratotomy
Intraocular Lenses
Cataract
Refractive Surgical Procedures
Refractive Errors
Optical Coherence Tomography

Keywords

  • Cataract surgery
  • Intraocular lens calculation formulas
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Radial keratotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Comparison of newer IOL power calculation methods for eyes with previous radial keratotomy. / Ma, Jack X.; Tang, Maolong; Wang, Li; Weikert, Mitchell P.; Huang, David; Koch, Douglas D.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 57, No. 9, 01.07.2016, p. OCT162-OCT168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ma, Jack X. ; Tang, Maolong ; Wang, Li ; Weikert, Mitchell P. ; Huang, David ; Koch, Douglas D. / Comparison of newer IOL power calculation methods for eyes with previous radial keratotomy. In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2016 ; Vol. 57, No. 9. pp. OCT162-OCT168.
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title = "Comparison of newer IOL power calculation methods for eyes with previous radial keratotomy",
abstract = "PURPOSE. To evaluate the accuracy of the optical coherence tomography-based (OCT formula) and Barrett True K (True K) intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in eyes with previous radial keratotomy (RK). METHODS. In 95 eyes of 65 patients, using the actual refraction following cataract surgery as target refraction, the predicted IOL power for each method was calculated. The IOL prediction error (PE) was obtained by subtracting the predicted IOL power from the implanted IOL power. The arithmetic IOL PE and median refractive PE were calculated and compared. RESULTS. All formulas except the True K produced hyperopic IOL PEs at 1 month, which decreased at ≥4 months (all P <0.05). For the double-K Holladay 1, OCT formula, True K, and average of these three formulas (Average), the median absolute refractive PEs were, respectively, 0.78 diopters (D), 0.74 D, 0.60 D, and 0.59 D at 1 month; 0.69 D, 0.77 D, 0.77 D, and 0.61 D at 2 to 3 months; and 0.34 D, 0.65 D, 0.69 D, and 0.46 D at ≥4 months. The Average produced significantly smaller refractive PE than did the double-K Holladay 1 at 1 month (P <0.05). There were no significant differences in refractive PEs among formulas at 4 months. CONCLUSIONS. The OCT formula and True K were comparable to the double-K Holladay 1 method on the ASCRS (American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery) calculator. The Average IOL power on the ASCRS calculator may be considered when selecting the IOL power. Further improvements in the accuracy of IOL power calculation in RK eyes are desirable.",
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AU - Koch, Douglas D.

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N2 - PURPOSE. To evaluate the accuracy of the optical coherence tomography-based (OCT formula) and Barrett True K (True K) intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in eyes with previous radial keratotomy (RK). METHODS. In 95 eyes of 65 patients, using the actual refraction following cataract surgery as target refraction, the predicted IOL power for each method was calculated. The IOL prediction error (PE) was obtained by subtracting the predicted IOL power from the implanted IOL power. The arithmetic IOL PE and median refractive PE were calculated and compared. RESULTS. All formulas except the True K produced hyperopic IOL PEs at 1 month, which decreased at ≥4 months (all P <0.05). For the double-K Holladay 1, OCT formula, True K, and average of these three formulas (Average), the median absolute refractive PEs were, respectively, 0.78 diopters (D), 0.74 D, 0.60 D, and 0.59 D at 1 month; 0.69 D, 0.77 D, 0.77 D, and 0.61 D at 2 to 3 months; and 0.34 D, 0.65 D, 0.69 D, and 0.46 D at ≥4 months. The Average produced significantly smaller refractive PE than did the double-K Holladay 1 at 1 month (P <0.05). There were no significant differences in refractive PEs among formulas at 4 months. CONCLUSIONS. The OCT formula and True K were comparable to the double-K Holladay 1 method on the ASCRS (American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery) calculator. The Average IOL power on the ASCRS calculator may be considered when selecting the IOL power. Further improvements in the accuracy of IOL power calculation in RK eyes are desirable.

AB - PURPOSE. To evaluate the accuracy of the optical coherence tomography-based (OCT formula) and Barrett True K (True K) intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in eyes with previous radial keratotomy (RK). METHODS. In 95 eyes of 65 patients, using the actual refraction following cataract surgery as target refraction, the predicted IOL power for each method was calculated. The IOL prediction error (PE) was obtained by subtracting the predicted IOL power from the implanted IOL power. The arithmetic IOL PE and median refractive PE were calculated and compared. RESULTS. All formulas except the True K produced hyperopic IOL PEs at 1 month, which decreased at ≥4 months (all P <0.05). For the double-K Holladay 1, OCT formula, True K, and average of these three formulas (Average), the median absolute refractive PEs were, respectively, 0.78 diopters (D), 0.74 D, 0.60 D, and 0.59 D at 1 month; 0.69 D, 0.77 D, 0.77 D, and 0.61 D at 2 to 3 months; and 0.34 D, 0.65 D, 0.69 D, and 0.46 D at ≥4 months. The Average produced significantly smaller refractive PE than did the double-K Holladay 1 at 1 month (P <0.05). There were no significant differences in refractive PEs among formulas at 4 months. CONCLUSIONS. The OCT formula and True K were comparable to the double-K Holladay 1 method on the ASCRS (American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery) calculator. The Average IOL power on the ASCRS calculator may be considered when selecting the IOL power. Further improvements in the accuracy of IOL power calculation in RK eyes are desirable.

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KW - Intraocular lens calculation formulas

KW - Optical coherence tomography

KW - Radial keratotomy

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