Comparison of interventions for pain control with tenaculum placement

A randomized clinical trial

Lisa M. Goldthwaite, Maureen Baldwin, Jessica Page, Elizabeth A. Micks, Mark D. Nichols, Alison Edelman, Paula Bednarek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Although previous studies have demonstrated that a variety of local anesthetics are effective to decrease pain associated with tenaculum placement, no studies directly compare an injection with a topical anesthetic. The objective of this study was therefore to compare mean pain scores with tenaculum placement after an intracervical lidocaine injection or topical lidocaine gel. Study Design A randomized, single-blinded trial of women presenting for office gynecologic procedures that required a tenaculum. Women aged 18 years or older were randomized to receive either a 1% lidocaine intracervical injection or topical application of 2% lidocaine gel to the cervix immediately prior to tenaculum placement. The primary outcome was pain at the time of tenaculum placement, measured on a 100 mm Visual Analog Scale. Secondary outcomes included pain with the intervention and satisfaction with tenaculum placement. Results Seventy-four women were enrolled and randomized; 35 subjects in each group met criteria for analysis. The two groups had similar socio-demographic characteristics. Women who received the injection had lower mean pain levels at tenaculum placement [12.3 mm (S.D. 17.4 mm) versus 36.6 mm (S.D. 23.0 mm), p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalContraception
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Lidocaine
Randomized Controlled Trials
Pain
Injections
Local Anesthetics
Gels
Visual Analog Scale
Cervix Uteri
Demography

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Cervix
  • Gel
  • Injection
  • Lidocaine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Comparison of interventions for pain control with tenaculum placement : A randomized clinical trial. / Goldthwaite, Lisa M.; Baldwin, Maureen; Page, Jessica; Micks, Elizabeth A.; Nichols, Mark D.; Edelman, Alison; Bednarek, Paula.

In: Contraception, Vol. 89, No. 3, 2014, p. 229-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goldthwaite, Lisa M. ; Baldwin, Maureen ; Page, Jessica ; Micks, Elizabeth A. ; Nichols, Mark D. ; Edelman, Alison ; Bednarek, Paula. / Comparison of interventions for pain control with tenaculum placement : A randomized clinical trial. In: Contraception. 2014 ; Vol. 89, No. 3. pp. 229-233.
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