Comparison of cytomegalovirus terminase gene mutations selected after exposure to three distinct inhibitor compounds

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Abstract

Letermovir, GW275175X (a benzimidazole), and tomeglovir (Bay38-4766) are chemically unrelated human cytomegalovirus (CMV) terminase complex inhibitors that have been tested in human subjects. UL56 gene mutations are the dominant pathway of letermovir resistance, while UL89 and UL56 mutations are known to confer benzimidazole resistance. This study compares the mutations elicited by the three inhibitors during in vitro CMV propagation. GW275175X consistently selected for UL89 D344E and sometimes selected for UL89 C347S, UL89 R351H, or UL56 Q204R. Tomeglovir consistently selected for UL89 V362M and sometimes selected for UL89 N329S, T350M, H389N, or N405D or UL56 L208M, E407D, H637Q, or V639M. Adding to known and novel UL56 mutations, letermovir occasionally selected for UL89 N320H, D344E, or M359I. Recombinant phenotyping confirmed that UL89 D344E conferred 9-fold resistance (an increased 50% effective concentration [EC50]) for GW275175X and increased the letermovir and tomeglovir EC50s by 1.7- to 2.1-fold for the baseline virus and the UL56 Q204R, E237D, F261L, and M329T mutants. UL89 N320H and M359I conferred 2-fold letermovir resistance but 7-fold tomeglovir resistance; the N320H mutant was also 4-fold resistant to GW275175X. UL89 N329S conferred tomeglovir and letermovir cross-resistance. UL89 T350M conferred resistance to all three inhibitors. UL89 C347S conferred 27-fold GW275175X resistance. UL89 V362M and H389N conferred 98-fold and 29-fold tomeglovir resistance, respectively, without conferring cross-resistance. Thus, characteristic UL89 mutations confer substantial resistance to GW275175X and tomeglovir and are an uncommon accessory pathway of letermovir resistance. Instances of moderate cross-resistance and the proximity of the selected UL89 and UL56 mutations suggest targeting of a similar terminase functional locus involving UL56 and UL89 interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere01325-17
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume61
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • Antiviral drug resistance
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Letermovir
  • Terminase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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