Aim: This observational study evaluated the effectiveness of nab-paclitaxel versus paclitaxel monotherapy as first-line (1L) treatment for metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC). Materials & methods: 200 patients from the US Flatiron Health electronic health record-derived database (mTNBC diagnosis, January 2011-October 2016) who received 1L nab-paclitaxel (n = 105) or paclitaxel (n = 95) monotherapy were included. Overall survival and time to next treatment were evaluated. Results: The adjusted overall survival hazard ratio was 0.98 (95% CI: 0.67-1.44), indicating a similar risk of death between groups. Adjusted time to next treatment hazard ratio was 0.89 (95% confidence interval: 0.62-1.29). Conclusion: Nab-paclitaxel and paclitaxel monotherapy showed similar efficacy, suggesting their interchangeability as 1L treatments for mTNBC.
- comparative effectiveness
- first-line treatment
- metastatic triple-negative breast cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy