Comparative Analysis of Conceptualizations and Theories of Caring

Janice M. Morse, Joan Bottorff, Wendy Neander, Shirley Solberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


We delineated and compared various definitions of caring according to the five major conceptualizations of caring: caring as a human trait; caring as a moral imperative; caring as an affect; caring as an interpersonal interaction; and caring as an intervention. The implications of these diverse conceptualizations of caring for nursing practice are identified, and the commonalties, strengths and weaknesses discussed. It is concluded that caring is relatively undeveloped as a concept, has not been clearly explicated and often lacks relevance for nursing practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalImage: the Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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