Comorbidity profiles and inpatient outcomes during hospitalization for heart failure: An analysis of the U.S. Nationwide inpatient sample

Christopher S. Lee, Christopher V. Chien, Julie T. Bidwell, Jill M. Gelow, Quin E. Denfeld, Ruth M. Creber, Harleah G. Buck, James O. Mudd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Treatment of heart failure (HF) is particularly complex in the presence of comorbidities. We sought to identify and associate comorbidity profiles with inpatient outcomes during HF hospitalizations.Methods: Latent mixture modeling was used to identify common profiles of comorbidities during adult hospitalizations for HF from the 2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (n = 192,327).Results: Most discharges were characterized by "common" comorbidities. A "lifestyle" profile was characterized by a high prevalence of uncomplicated diabetes, hypertension, chronic pulmonary disorders and obesity. A "renal" profile had the highest prevalence of renal disease, complicated diabetes, and fluid and electrolyte imbalances. A "neurovascular" profile represented the highest prevalence of cerebrovascular disease, paralysis, myocardial infarction and peripheral vascular disease. Relative to the common profile, the lifestyle profile was associated with a 15% longer length of stay (LOS) and 12% greater cost, the renal profile was associated with a 30% higher risk of death, 27% longer LOS and 24% greater cost, and the neurovascular profile was associated with a 45% higher risk of death, 34% longer LOS and 37% greater cost (all p < 0.001).Conclusions: Comorbidity profiles are helpful in identifying adults at higher risk of death, longer length of stay, and accumulating greater costs during hospitalizations for HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number73
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2014

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Heart failure
  • Inpatient
  • Outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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