Purpose: To report two cases of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) initially presenting with isolated bilateral combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Methods: Retrospective observational case reports. Results: Two unrelated children presented to ophthalmology with isolated combined hamartomas of the retina and RPE. Patient one presented to ophthalmology at the age of 2 years; by 4 years, he developed what was thought to be a plexiform neurofibroma and, with more than 6 cafe au lait spots, was diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). By the age of 5, he had developed bilateral vestibular schwannomas, and was diagnosed with NF2. Subsequent molecular testing revealed a truncating mutation in exon 13 (c.1396C > T; p.R466X) of the NF2 gene. Patient two presented to ophthalmology at the age of 7 months; by age 6 she had developed two subcutaneous masses on her forehead, a mass in her left lower abdomen, and in her gumline. Despite lack of pathological evidence of neurofibroma upon biopsy, molecular testing was initiated at age 6 and revealed a truncating mutation in exon 8 (c.734delA) of the NF2 gene in the blood. Conclusions: Bilateral combined hamartomas of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in a young child should alert the clinician to the possibility of neurofibromatosis type 2. The recognition of this rare finding as a presenting feature of NF2 can lead to earlier diagnosis, which is vital to appropriate surveillance and possible surgical intervention.
- Neurofibromatosis 2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health