Combined heart-kidney transplant improves post-transplant survival compared with isolated heart transplant in recipients with reduced glomerular filtration rate: Analysis of 593 combined heart-kidney transplants from the United Network Organ Sharing Database

Tara Karamlou, Karl F. Welke, D. Michael McMullan, Gordon A. Cohen, Jill Gelow, Frederick A. Tibayan, James M. Mudd, Matthew S. Slater, Howard K. Song

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    54 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: Criteria for simultaneous heart-kidney transplant (HKTx) recipients are unclear. We characterized the evolution of combined HKTx in the United States over time compared with isolated heart transplantation (HTx) and determined factors maximizing post-transplant survival. We focused on whether a threshold estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) could be identified that justified combined transplantation. Methods: A supplemented United Network Organ Sharing Dataset identified HTx and HKTx recipients from 2000 to 2010. eGFR was calculated for HTx and recipients were grouped into eGFR quintiles. Time-related mortality was compared among recipients, with multivariable factors sought using Cox proportional hazard regression models. Results: We identified 26,183 HTx recipients, of whom 593 were HKTx recipients. HTx increased modestly over time (3.6%), whereas prevalence of HKTx increased dramatically (147%). Risk-unadjusted survival was similar among HTx recipients (8.4 ± 0.04 years) and HKTx recipients (7.7 ± 0.2 years) (P =.76). Isolated HTx recipients in the lowest eGFR quintile had decreased survival (P <.001), but those in the third eGFR quintile had superior survival, suggesting a benefit in this subgroup. HTx recipients in the lowest eGFR quintile (eGFR less than mean 37 mL/minute) had worse survival than combined HKTx recipients (7.1 ± 0.07 vs 7.7 ± 0.2; P <.001). Multivariable factors for increased mortality among HTx recipients included lower eGFR, higher recent panel reactive antibody score, older age, African American race, diabetes, longer ischemic time, and certain diagnoses. Conclusions: Performance of combined HKTx is increasing out of proportion to isolated HTx. eGFR is an important determinant of improved HTx survival. Combined HKTx recovers post-transplant survival in patients with eGFR <37 mL/minute and can be recommended in this subgroup.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)456-461.e1
    JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
    Volume147
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2014

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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