Colorectal cancer emergencies

Andy Barnett, Anna Cedar, Faisal Siddiqui, Daniel Herzig, Emilie Fowlkes, Charles R. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common type of malignancy encountered in the United States. A significant proportion of patients with CRC will seek emergency medical care during the course of their illness and treatment. Background Emergent presentations can be the result of either local tumor invasion, regional progression, or therapeutic techniques. Specific complications of CRC which present emergently include rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and bowel obstruction. Less common issues encountered include malignant ascites, neutropenic enterocolitis, and radiation enteropathy. Conclusion The care of CRC patients in the setting of an acute severe illness typically requires the joint efforts of the emergency medical team in consultation with surgical, medical, and radiation oncology. A high degree of suspicion for the typical and atypical complications of CRC is important for all clinicians who are responsible for the care of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-142
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cancer emergencies
  • Colorectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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