Collaborators and communication channels in eight patient-centered medical homes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Background: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) concept requires collaboration among clinicians both within the medical home clinic, and outside the clinic. As we redesign health information technology (HIT) to support transformation to the PCMH, we need to better understand these collaboration patterns. This study provides quantitative data describing these collaborations in order to facilitate the design of systems to allow for more efficient collaboration. Approach: Eighty-four clinicians in eight clinics identified their two most recent significant collaborators-one each within the clinic and in the medical neighborhood. They also identified the communication channels used in these collaborations. We used k-means clustering to identify communication patterns. Results: Within the clinic, half of the primary care providers (PCPs) identified a care manager as their most recent collaborator. Outside specialists were their most common external collaborators. Ninety-two percent of the non-PCP participants identified PCP's as their most recent internal collaborators. The best model for communication channel usage (p <.0001) had six clusters. In general, inside communications were more informal but outside collaborations were more often formal written communications (faxes, letters) or the exchange of electronic health record progress notes. But there were exceptions to these patterns and in many cases multiple channels were used for the same collaboration. Conclusion: Systems design (and redesign) needs to focus on reducing communications load and increasing communication effectiveness while maintaining flexibility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBuilding Capacity for Health Informatics in the Future
PublisherIOS Press
Pages59-64
Number of pages6
Volume234
ISBN (Electronic)9781614997412
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
Volume234
ISSN (Print)09269630
ISSN (Electronic)18798365

Keywords

  • collaboration
  • communication
  • EHR
  • Patient-centered medical home

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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  • Cite this

    Chase, D. A., Dorr, D., Cohen, D., & Ash, J. (2017). Collaborators and communication channels in eight patient-centered medical homes. In Building Capacity for Health Informatics in the Future (Vol. 234, pp. 59-64). (Studies in Health Technology and Informatics; Vol. 234). IOS Press. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-742-9-59