Cognitive control and attentional selection in adolescents with ADHD versus ADD

Laurie Carr, John Henderson, Joel T. Nigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

An important research question is whether Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is related to early- or late-stage attentional control mechanisms and whether this differentiates a nonhyperactive subtype (ADD). This question was addressed in a sample of 145 ADD/ADHD and typically developing comparison adolescents (aged 13-17). Attentional blink and antisaccade tasks were used to assay early- and late-stage control, respectively. ADD was defined using normative cutoffs to ensure low activity level in children who otherwise met full criteria for ADHD. The ADD group had an attenuated attentional blink versus controls and ADHD-combined. The effect was not produced using DSM-IV definition of ADHD-primarily inattentive type or DSM symptom counts. ADHD-combined showed greater weakness in response inhibition, as manifest in the antisaccade task. Combining tasks yielded an interaction differentiating group performance on the two tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)726-740
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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