Cochlear implant speech processor frequency allocations may influence pitch perception

Lina A.J. Reiss, Bruce J. Gantz, Christopher W. Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of assigning cochlear implant speech processor frequencies normally associated with more apical cochlear locations to the shallow insertion depths of the Iowa/Nucleus Hybrid electrode. STUDY DESIGN: Subjects using the Hybrid implant for more than 1 year were tested on speech recognition with Consonant-Nucleus-Consonant words and consonant stimuli. Pitch sensations of individual electrodes were also measured electrically through the implant and acoustically in the contralateral ear. SETTING: Tertiary care center. RESULTS: Most subjects showed large improvements in speech recognition within 12 months after implantation. Furthermore, after longer periods of 24-plus months, some individuals were able to achieve high levels of consonant discrimination with electric-only processing comparable to long-electrode patients with deeper electrode insertions. Pitch perceptions obtained from individual electrodes in these subjects were closer to the frequency map assigned an electrode than the place-frequency predicted from cochlear location. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that over time, pitch sensations may be determined more by the implant map than by cochlear location. In other words, the brain may adapt to spectral mismatches by remapping pitch. Furthermore, patients can perform well with shifted frequency allocations for speech recognition. The successful application of shifted frequency allocations also supports the idea of shallower insertions and greater preservation of residual hearing for all cochlear implants, regardless of the patient's frequency range of usable residual hearing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Cochlear implants
  • Hybrid
  • Pitch
  • Residual hearing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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