Closure of supporting cell scar formations requires dynamic actin mechanisms

Andrew J. Hordichok, Peter S. Steyger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

In many vertebrate inner ear sensory epithelia, dying sensory hair cells are extruded, and the apices of surrounding supporting cells converge to re-seal the epithelial barrier between the electrochemically-distinct endolymph and perilymph. These cellular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Dynamic microtubular mechanisms have been proposed for hair cell extrusion; while contractile actomyosin-based mechanisms are required for cellular extrusion and closure in epithelial monolayers. The hypothesis that cytoskeletal mechanisms are required for hair cell extrusion and supporting cell scar formation was tested using bullfrog saccules incubated with gentamicin (6 h), and allowed to recover (18 h). Explants were then fixed, labeled for actin and cytokeratins, and viewed with confocal microscopy. To block dynamic cytoskeletal processes, disruption agents for microtubules (colchicine, paclitaxel) myosin (Y-27632, ML-9) or actin (cytochalasin D, latrunculin A) were added during treatment and recovery. Microtubule disruption agents had no effect on hair cell extrusion or supporting cell scar formation. Myosin disruption agents appeared to slow down scar formation but not hair cell extrusion. Actin disruption agents blocked scar formation, and largely prevented hair cell extrusion. These data suggest that actin-based cytoskeletal processes are required for hair cell extrusion and supporting cell scar formation in bullfrog saccules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalHearing Research
Volume232
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Actin
  • Cell death
  • Extrusion
  • Hair cell
  • In vitro
  • Inner ear
  • Microtubules
  • Myosin
  • Saccule
  • Supporting cells
  • Vestibular system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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