Clinical Performance of CAD/CAM Monolithic Lithium Disilicate Implant-Supported Single Crowns Using Solid or Predrilled Blocks in a Fully Digital Workflow: A Retrospective Cohort Study With Up To 33 Months of Follow Up

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the clinical performance of CAD/CAM monolithic implant-supported restorations manufactured using a fully digital workflow and two different types of ceramic blocks. Materials and Methods: One hundred and one patients received single-unit implant-supported restorations at a University predoctoral clinic. All restorations were designed and fabricated using either a predrilled LS2 block (group P, n = 59) or a conventional solid LS2 block with an occlusal opening drilled manually prior to crystallization (group M, n = 42). The mean follow-up time after restoration delivery was 18.4 ± 4.8 months (range 12 to 33 months). Patients with less than a 12-month follow-up were excluded. Electronic health records were reviewed to identify number and type of complications during the follow-up time. Clinical outcomes were classified as success, survival, and failure of the restoration. Chi-square tests were used to identify differences in success and survival rates between the groups. Nonparametric Mann-Whitney U tests were used to identify differences in the number of major and minor complications as well as the total number of complications that were observed among groups. Results: Overall success and survival rates were 80.2% and 97%, respectively. Seventy one restorations (70.3%) were complication-free. There were no significant differences between the groups with regards to the number of complications or success and survival rates. Conclusions: Single-unit CAD/CAM monolithic implant-supported restorations that are fabricated in a fully digital workflow present relatively high complication rates and moderate short-term clinical outcomes. Clinical studies with longer follow-up times are needed to evaluate long-term outcomes of these restorations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-44
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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