Desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the peritoneum (DSRCTP) is a rare, frequently fatal tumor. This retrospective study, based on CIBMTR registry data, describes the largest reported cohort of DSRCTP patients who have undergone Auto-SCT. The probabilities of disease-free survival (DFS) at 1 year for patients in CR and not in CR were 75% (95% confidence interval: 4894%) and 35% (1559%), respectively. The probability of OS at 3 years was 57% (2983%) and 28% (951%) for patients in CR and not in CR, respectively. Median survival for the entire cohort was 31 months (36 months and 21 months for those in CR and not in CR, respectively). Engraftment at 42 days was 97% (88100%). Treatment-related mortality was low, with only one death in the first 100 days. Auto-SCT is a tolerable approach in patients with DSRCTP, with the greatest benefit seen in those patients who obtain CR. For those not in CR, the median OS in this series is greater than previously reported (21 months vs 17 months), suggesting Auto-SCT is useful in prolonging DFS and OS, even in patients with residual or persistent disease pre-transplant.
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