Clinical limitations of neuropsychological testing in predicting treatment outcome among alcoholics

D. M. Donovan, D. R. Kivlahan, Roger (Dale) Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to investigate a number of factors that may influence the relatationship between neuropsychological impairment and treatment outcome among alcoholics. Cognitive deficit upon admission to treatment was significantly related to the individual's age but independent of the years of problem drinking and the recency of the last drink prior to assessment. Significant improvement was noted on measures of neuropsychological function over the period from treatment admission to 6-month follow-up assessment. On the average, improvement in functioning occurred across time despite drinking relapses during the intervening period. The individual's age, but not years of problem drinking, was associated with recovery of function; neither of these variables interacted with subsequent drinking status to affect differentially the changes in cognitive functioning. Finally, selected measures of neuropsychological function assessed both at admission and 6-month follow-up were reliable related to follow-up employment status but unrelated to the average amount of alcohol consumed per day and to the number of heavy drinking days during the 3-month period between the 6- and 9-month follow-ups. The results are discussed in terms of the need for determining the utility of neuropsychological measures in predicting every day functioning among alcoholics and for selecting domains of assessment other than cognitive status to predict treatment outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-475
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume8
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Alcoholics
Drinking
Testing
Alcohols
Recovery of Function
Recovery
Recurrence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Clinical limitations of neuropsychological testing in predicting treatment outcome among alcoholics. / Donovan, D. M.; Kivlahan, D. R.; Walker, Roger (Dale).

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 8, No. 5, 1984, p. 470-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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