Circulating angiotensin peptides levels in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome correlate with clinical outcomes: A pilot study

Raju Reddy, Isaac Asante, Siyu Liu, Pranay Parikh, Janice Liebler, Zea Borok, Kathleen Rodgers, Ahmet Baydur, Stan G. Louie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale We propose renin angiotensin system (RAS) peptides are critical in wound reparative processes such as in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Their role in predicting clinical outcomes in ARDS has been unexplored; thus, we used a targeted metabolomics approach to investigate them as potential predictors of outcomes. Methods Thirty-nine ARDS patients were enrolled within 24 hours of ARDS diagnosis. Plasma RAS peptide levels were quantified at study entry and 24, 48 and 72 hours using a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabolomics assay. RAS peptide concentrations were compared between survivors and non-survivors, and were correlated with clinical and pulmonary measures. Measurements and main results Angiotensin I (Ang-I or A(1–10)) levels were significantly higher in non-survivors at study entry and 72 hours. ARDS survival was associated with lower A(1–10) concentration (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.18–0.72, p = 0.004) but higher A(1–9) concentration (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.15–4.39, p = 0.018), a biologically active metabolite of A(1–10) and an agonist of angiotensin II receptor type 2. Survivors had significantly higher median A(1–9)/A(1–10) and A(1–7)/A(1–10) ratios than the non-survivors (p = 0.001). Increased A(1–9)/A(1–10) ratio suggests that angiotensin converting enzyme II (ACE2) activity is higher in patients who survived their ARDS insult while an increase in A(1–7)/A(1–10) ratio suggests that ACE activity is also higher in survivors. Conclusion A(1–10) accumulation and reduced A(1–9) concentration in the non-survivor group suggest that ACE2 activities may be reduced in patients succumbing to ARDS. Plasma levels of both A(1–10) and A(1–9) and their ratio may serve as useful biomarkers for prognosis in ARDS patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0213096
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Circulating angiotensin peptides levels in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome correlate with clinical outcomes: A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this