Cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and color Doppler flow mapping were performed in 12 infants and children (aged 3 to 35 months) after pulmonary artery banding to define the anatomy and physiology of the right ventricular outflow tract and evaluate the anatomy. MRI was performed using a 1.5 Tesla magnet in the sagittal, axial and oblique views with all patients studied in the 24 cm head coil following adequate sedation. Highresolution cine MRI was obtained in all patients and the narrowest flow diameter on cine MRI correlated well with the pressure gradient measured across the band in 11 patients at cardiac catheterization or surgery (r = -0.95). Signal loss was always seen distal to the band associated with turbulent flow as seen by color Doppler flow mapping. Signal loss in cine MRI was also seen proximal to the band. The length of this proximal signal void also correlated well with the pressure gradient measured across the band (r = 0.91) and was closely matched by the zone of proximal spatial acceleration defined by digital computer analysis of color Doppler flow map images (r = 0.89), which also demonstrated low grade variance associated with the laminar accelerating flow stream. The position of the band was accurately defined by cine MRI which identified inadequate pulmonary artery banding in 2 patients confirmed subsequently at cardiac catheterization and angiography. Cine MRI and color Doppler flow mapping when used together provide high-resolution detail about the right ventricular outflow tract and pulmonary artery band anatomy and function. Comparative observations of spatial flow velocity information on color Doppler flow mapping allow important insights into the flow visualization haracteristics of cine MRI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine