Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of biochemical disease recurrence, metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and mortality after radical prostatectomy: Results from the SEARCH database

Daniel M. Moreira, William J. Aronson, Martha K. Terris, Christopher J. Kane, Christopher Amling, Matthew R. Cooperberg, Paolo Boffetta, Stephen J. Freedland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND The current study was conducted to analyze the association between cigarette smoking and metastasis (the primary outcome) as well as time to biochemical disease recurrence (BCR), metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and prostate cancer-specific and overall mortality (secondary outcomes) after radical prostatectomy among men from the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital cohort. METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed of 1450 subjects for whom smoking status was available from preoperative notes. Analysis of baseline characteristics by smoking status was performed using the chi-square and rank sum tests. The association between smoking status and time to the event was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier plots, the log-rank test, and Cox and competing risk models. RESULTS A total of 549 men (33%) men were active smokers and 1121 (67%) were nonsmokers at the time of surgery. Current smokers were younger and had a lower body mass index, higher prostate-specific antigen level, and more extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion (all P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Castration
Prostatectomy
Prostatic Neoplasms
Smoking
Databases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Recurrence
Mortality
Cancer Care Facilities
Seminal Vesicles
Prostate-Specific Antigen
Nonparametric Statistics
Body Mass Index

Keywords

  • disease-free survival
  • metastasis
  • mortality
  • prostate cancer
  • prostate-specific antigen
  • prostatectomy
  • smoking
  • tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of biochemical disease recurrence, metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and mortality after radical prostatectomy : Results from the SEARCH database. / Moreira, Daniel M.; Aronson, William J.; Terris, Martha K.; Kane, Christopher J.; Amling, Christopher; Cooperberg, Matthew R.; Boffetta, Paolo; Freedland, Stephen J.

In: Cancer, Vol. 120, No. 2, 2014, p. 197-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moreira, Daniel M. ; Aronson, William J. ; Terris, Martha K. ; Kane, Christopher J. ; Amling, Christopher ; Cooperberg, Matthew R. ; Boffetta, Paolo ; Freedland, Stephen J. / Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of biochemical disease recurrence, metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and mortality after radical prostatectomy : Results from the SEARCH database. In: Cancer. 2014 ; Vol. 120, No. 2. pp. 197-204.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND The current study was conducted to analyze the association between cigarette smoking and metastasis (the primary outcome) as well as time to biochemical disease recurrence (BCR), metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and prostate cancer-specific and overall mortality (secondary outcomes) after radical prostatectomy among men from the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital cohort. METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed of 1450 subjects for whom smoking status was available from preoperative notes. Analysis of baseline characteristics by smoking status was performed using the chi-square and rank sum tests. The association between smoking status and time to the event was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier plots, the log-rank test, and Cox and competing risk models. RESULTS A total of 549 men (33{\%}) men were active smokers and 1121 (67{\%}) were nonsmokers at the time of surgery. Current smokers were younger and had a lower body mass index, higher prostate-specific antigen level, and more extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion (all P",
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AU - Amling, Christopher

AU - Cooperberg, Matthew R.

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N2 - BACKGROUND The current study was conducted to analyze the association between cigarette smoking and metastasis (the primary outcome) as well as time to biochemical disease recurrence (BCR), metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and prostate cancer-specific and overall mortality (secondary outcomes) after radical prostatectomy among men from the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital cohort. METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed of 1450 subjects for whom smoking status was available from preoperative notes. Analysis of baseline characteristics by smoking status was performed using the chi-square and rank sum tests. The association between smoking status and time to the event was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier plots, the log-rank test, and Cox and competing risk models. RESULTS A total of 549 men (33%) men were active smokers and 1121 (67%) were nonsmokers at the time of surgery. Current smokers were younger and had a lower body mass index, higher prostate-specific antigen level, and more extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion (all P

AB - BACKGROUND The current study was conducted to analyze the association between cigarette smoking and metastasis (the primary outcome) as well as time to biochemical disease recurrence (BCR), metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and prostate cancer-specific and overall mortality (secondary outcomes) after radical prostatectomy among men from the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital cohort. METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed of 1450 subjects for whom smoking status was available from preoperative notes. Analysis of baseline characteristics by smoking status was performed using the chi-square and rank sum tests. The association between smoking status and time to the event was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier plots, the log-rank test, and Cox and competing risk models. RESULTS A total of 549 men (33%) men were active smokers and 1121 (67%) were nonsmokers at the time of surgery. Current smokers were younger and had a lower body mass index, higher prostate-specific antigen level, and more extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion (all P

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