Chronically elevated androgen and/or consumption of a Western-style diet impairs oocyte quality and granulosa cell function in the nonhuman primate periovulatory follicle

Cecily V. Bishop, Taylor E. Reiter, David W. Erikson, Carol B. Hanna, Brittany L. Daughtry, Shawn L. Chavez, Jon D. Hennebold, Richard L. Stouffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the impact of chronically elevated androgens in the presence and absence of an obesogenic diet on oocyte quality in the naturally selected primate periovulatory follicle. Methods: Rhesus macaques were treated using a 2-by-2 factorial design (n = 10/treatment) near the onset of menarche with implants containing either cholesterol (C) or testosterone (T, 4–5-fold increase above C) and a standard or “Western-style” diet alone (WSD) or in combination (T+WSD). Following ~ 3.5 years of treatment, females underwent controlled ovulation (COv, n = 7–10/treatment) cycles, and contents of the naturally selected periovulatory follicle were aspirated. Follicular fluid (FF) was analyzed for cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and steroids. RNA was extracted from luteinizing granulosa cells (LGCs) and assessed by RNA-seq. Results: Only healthy, metaphase (M) I/II-stage oocytes (100%) were retrieved in the C group, whereas several degenerated oocytes were recovered in other groups (33–43% of T, WSD, and T+WSD samples). Levels of two chemokines and one growth factor were reduced (p < 0.04) in FF of follicles with a MI/MII oocyte in WSD+T (CCL11) or T and WSD+T groups (CCL2 and FGF2) compared to C and/or WSD. Intrafollicular cortisol was elevated in T compared to C follicles (p < 0.02). Changes in the expression pattern of 640+ gene products were detected in LGC samples from follicles with degenerated versus MI/MII-stage oocytes. Pathway analysis on RNAs altered by T and/or WSD found enrichment of genes mapping to steroidogenic and immune cell pathways. Conclusions: Female primates experiencing hyperandrogenemia and/or consuming a WSD exhibit an altered intrafollicular microenvironment and reduced oocyte quality/competency, despite displaying menstrual cyclicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1497-1511
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2019

Keywords

  • Androgen
  • Follicular cytokines
  • Nonhuman primate
  • Oocyte quality
  • Periovulatory follicle
  • Western-style diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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