Chronic morphine treatment reduces recovery from opioid desensitization

Vu C. Dang, John T. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tolerance and dependence result from long-term exposure to opioids, and there is growing evidence linking acute receptor desensitization to these more long-term processes. Receptor desensitization encompasses a series of events leading to the loss of receptor function and internalization. This study examines the onset and recovery from desensitization in locus ceruleus neurons recorded in brain slices taken from animals that have been chronically treated with morphine. After chronic morphine treatment, desensitization was altered as follows. First, the rate of desensitization was increased. Second, recovery from desensitization was always incomplete, even after a brief (1-2 min) exposure to agonist. This contrasts with experiments in controls in which recovey from desensitization, after a brief exposure to agonist, was complete within 25 min. Finally, morphine-6-β-D-glucuronide, a metabolite of morphine that was ineffective at causing desensitization in controls, induced significant desensitization in slices from morphine-treated animals. When brain slices from controls were treated with inhibitors of PKC or monensin, agents known to compromise G-protein-coupled receptor resensitization, desensitization was increased, and recovery was significantly reduced. These results indicate that receptor resensitization maintains signaling during periods of intense and sustained stimulation. After chronic morphine treatment, desensitization is potentiated, and receptor resensitization is compromised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7699-7706
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume24
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Electrophysiology
  • Intracellular recording
  • Locus ceruleus
  • Slices
  • Tolerance
  • μ-opioid receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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