Chronic edible dosing of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in nonhuman primates reduces systemic platelet activity and function

Stéphanie E. Reitsma, Hari Hara Sudhan Lakshmanan, Jennifer Johnson, Jiaqing Pang, Iván Parra-Izquierdo, Alex R. Melrose, Jaewoo Choi, Deirdre E.J. Anderson, Monica T. Hinds, Jan Frederik Stevens, Joseph E. Aslan, Owen J.T. McCarty, Jamie O. Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cannabis usage has steadily increased as acceptance is growing for both medical and recreational reasons. Medical cannabis is administered for treatment of chronic pain based on the premise that the endocannabinoid system signals desensitize pain sensor neurons and produce anti-inflammatory effects. The major psychoactive ingredient of cannabis is Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that signals mainly through cannabinoid receptor-1 (CBr), which is also present on nonneuron cells including blood platelets of the circulatory system. In vitro, CBr-mediated signaling has been shown to acutely inhibit platelet activation downstream of the platelet collagen receptor glycoprotein (GP)VI. The systemic effects of chronic THC administration on platelet activity and function remain unclear. This study investigates the effects of chronic THC administration on platelet function using a nonhuman primate (NHP) model. Our results show that female and male NHPs consuming a daily THC edible had reduced platelet adhesion, aggregation, and granule secretion in response to select platelet agonists. Furthermore, a change in bioactive lipids (oxylipins) was observed in the female cohort after THC administration. These results indicate that chronic THC edible administration desensitized platelet activity and function in response to GPVI- and G-protein coupled receptor-based activation by interfering with primary and secondary feedback signaling pathways. These observations may have important clinical implications for patients who use medical marijuana and for providers caring for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C370-C381
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Cell physiology
Volume322
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • blood cells
  • cannabis
  • nonhuman primates
  • platelets
  • THC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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