Chronic CEI alters effect of low Na+ diet in normal and coarcted pups. I. BP, renin, and GFR

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Abstract

To assess the renin-angiotensin (RA) dependence of evolving neonatally induced coarctation hypertension (NICH) in inbred pups, we randomized sex-matched littermates to a high dose of converting-enzyme inhibitor (CEI: MK-421) or placebo from the time of neonatal aortic banding (coarcted) vs. no banding (control). In phase 1 studies, pups were examined serially on normal diet (Bagby and Fuchs, Hypertension In press.): chronic CEI lowered systolic blood pressure (BP) equally in coarcted and controls and failed to prevent systolic BP excess in coarcted dogs. In phase 2 studies, the same pups were exposed to a low sodium (LS) diet at 4 mo of age, a time when the untreated NICH model exhibits increased forelimb systolic BP. Measurements of systolic BP, RA components, renal function, and extracellular volume (ECV) were made before and serially during 12 days of the LS diet. Responses of coarcted and control pups to the LS diet were similar, with or without CEI, providing no evidence for exaggerated angiotensin II (ANG II) dependence in evolving NICH. Independently of coarctation status, chronic CEI significantly modified RA and renal functional responses to the LS diet: a greater renin rise but abnormal renin substrate fall, thus no rise in ANG I or ANG I generation rate; a greater rise in creatinine and a trend toward a greater fall in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Despite these findings compatible with sustained ANG II deficit, chronic CEI unexpectedly failed to impair maintenance of systolic BP during a superimposed LS diet. Results support 1) the absence of exaggerated ANG II dependence of evolving NICH; 2) physiological ANG II dependence of GFR, Na+-volume conservation, and renin substrate homeostasis during a LS diet; and 3) recruitment of non-ANG II pressor mechanisms after long-term (cf. acute) CEI exposure, which are adequate to sustain BP during a superimposed LS diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25/2
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume256
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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