Chromosome-scale scaffolding of de novo genome assemblies based on chromatin interactions

Joshua N. Burton, Andrew Adey, Rupali P. Patwardhan, Ruolan Qiu, Jacob O. Kitzman, Jay Shendure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

288 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genomes assembled de novo from short reads are highly fragmented relative to the finished chromosomes of Homo sapiens and key model organisms generated by the Human Genome Project. To address this problem, we need scalable, cost-effective methods to obtain assemblies with chromosome-scale contiguity. Here we show that genome-wide chromatin interaction data sets, such as those generated by Hi-C, are a rich source of long-range information for assigning, ordering and orienting genomic sequences to chromosomes, including across centromeres. To exploit this finding, we developed an algorithm that uses Hi-C data for ultra-long-range scaffolding of de novo genome assemblies. We demonstrate the approach by combining shotgun fragment and short jump mate-pair sequences with Hi-C data to generate chromosome-scale de novo assemblies of the human, mouse and Drosophila genomes, achieving - for the human genome - 98% accuracy in assigning scaffolds to chromosome groups and 99% accuracy in ordering and orienting scaffolds within chromosome groups. Hi-C data can also be used to validate chromosomal translocations in cancer genomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1125
Number of pages7
JournalNature biotechnology
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Chromosome-scale scaffolding of de novo genome assemblies based on chromatin interactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Burton, J. N., Adey, A., Patwardhan, R. P., Qiu, R., Kitzman, J. O., & Shendure, J. (2013). Chromosome-scale scaffolding of de novo genome assemblies based on chromatin interactions. Nature biotechnology, 31(12), 1119-1125. https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.2727