Chromosome 9p deletions identify an aggressive phenotype of clear cell renal cell carcinoma

Jeffrey La Rochelle, Tobias Klatte, Aditi Dastane, Nagesh Rao, David Seligson, Jonathan Said, Brian Shuch, Nazy Zomorodian, Fairooz Kabbinavar, Arie Belldegrun, Allan J. Pantuck

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51 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The authors investigated whether deletion of chromosome 9p in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) predicted worse disease-specific survival (DSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) and whether it was associated with more aggressive behavior in small renal masses. METHODS: In total, 703 ccRCC tumors were analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (316 tumors) and cytogenetics (388 tumors). Tumor grade, classification, and size; 9p status; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS); lymph node involvement; and the presence of metastasis were recorded. Outcomes were stratified by 9p status, and a Cox proportional hazards models was constructed using TNM staging, ECOG PS, tumor size, tumor grade, and 9p status. RESULTS: Deletions of 9p were detected in 97 tumors (13.8%). At presentation, 9p-deleted tumors were larger and were more likely to be high grade (grade 3 or 4), to have a high tumor (T) classification (T3-T4), and to have lymph node or distant metastases (P <.01). The median DSS for patients with and without 9p deletions was 37 months and 82 months, respectively (P <.01). In patients with localized disease, the median RFS in those who had 9p deletions was 53 months and was not reached in those without 9p deletions (P <.01). In patients who had localized lesions that measured ≤4 cm in greatest dimension, 9p-deleted tumors were more likely to recur (19% vs 2%; P =.01). CONCLUSIONS: Deletion of chromosome 9p in ccRCC occurred in 14% of patients and was associated with higher grade and T classification, and the presence of lymph node and distant metastases. In addition, 9p deletion independently conferred a worse prognosis for patients with localized ccRCC, and most noteworthy, in patients with localized, small renal masses. Preoperatively identifying patients with 9p deletions will improve risk stratification and will help to select appropriate patients for surveillance protocols or aggressive treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4696-4702
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume116
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Chromosome 9p
  • Kidney cancer
  • Prognosis
  • Renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    La Rochelle, J., Klatte, T., Dastane, A., Rao, N., Seligson, D., Said, J., Shuch, B., Zomorodian, N., Kabbinavar, F., Belldegrun, A., & Pantuck, A. J. (2010). Chromosome 9p deletions identify an aggressive phenotype of clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Cancer, 116(20), 4696-4702. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.25279