Chloro-substituted, sterically hindered 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine as potential chiral antipsychotic agents

Daniel A. Davis, Tomas De Paulis, Aaron Janowsky, Aaron Janowsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Variable-temperature proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies have shown that 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, a 5,11-dicarbo analogue of the atypical neuroleptic agent clozapine [8-chloro-11-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine], exists as thermally stable configurational isomers. The presence of the 2-propylidene group at C-5 on the 5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene moiety did not interfere greatly, as compared to clozapine, with the in vitro affinity of this 5,11-dicarbo analogue of clozapine for muscarinic and dopamine D-1 and D-2 binding sites in rat brain. Since the presence and position of a chloro substituent on the 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine moiety have a marked influence on the respective binding affinities of 1,4-diazepines related to clozapine, chloro-substituted 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine were prepared in order to further examine structure-activity relationships. Evaluation of these analogues for binding to muscarinic and dopamine binding sites in comparison with clozapine and other 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine analogues of clozapine shows that the dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptor affinities of both the 5-(2-propylidene)-5,11-dicarbo analogue and its corresponding distal-chloro derivative, 2-chloro-5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, are retained. Because of the susceptibility to acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of these tertiary enamines, however, these compounds serve only as model compounds for their structure-activity evaluation. Since the proximal nitrogen atom of the piperazine ring is redundant for biological activity, 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]-cycloheptene and its 2-chloro derivative are excellent candidates for resolution into enantiomers as a means to separate antimuscarinic and antidopaminergic activity, respectively, associated with only a single stereoisomer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-814
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume33
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990

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Clozapine
Antipsychotic Agents
Dopamine
Cholinergic Agents
Binding Sites
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Derivatives
Stereoisomerism
Muscarinic Antagonists
Enantiomers
Structure-Activity Relationship
Bioactivity
Isomers
Protons
Rats
Hydrolysis
Brain
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nitrogen
Atoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Chloro-substituted, sterically hindered 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine as potential chiral antipsychotic agents. / Davis, Daniel A.; De Paulis, Tomas; Janowsky, Aaron; Janowsky, Aaron.

In: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 33, No. 2, 1990, p. 809-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Janowsky, Aaron

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N2 - Variable-temperature proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies have shown that 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, a 5,11-dicarbo analogue of the atypical neuroleptic agent clozapine [8-chloro-11-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine], exists as thermally stable configurational isomers. The presence of the 2-propylidene group at C-5 on the 5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene moiety did not interfere greatly, as compared to clozapine, with the in vitro affinity of this 5,11-dicarbo analogue of clozapine for muscarinic and dopamine D-1 and D-2 binding sites in rat brain. Since the presence and position of a chloro substituent on the 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine moiety have a marked influence on the respective binding affinities of 1,4-diazepines related to clozapine, chloro-substituted 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine were prepared in order to further examine structure-activity relationships. Evaluation of these analogues for binding to muscarinic and dopamine binding sites in comparison with clozapine and other 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine analogues of clozapine shows that the dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptor affinities of both the 5-(2-propylidene)-5,11-dicarbo analogue and its corresponding distal-chloro derivative, 2-chloro-5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, are retained. Because of the susceptibility to acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of these tertiary enamines, however, these compounds serve only as model compounds for their structure-activity evaluation. Since the proximal nitrogen atom of the piperazine ring is redundant for biological activity, 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]-cycloheptene and its 2-chloro derivative are excellent candidates for resolution into enantiomers as a means to separate antimuscarinic and antidopaminergic activity, respectively, associated with only a single stereoisomer.

AB - Variable-temperature proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies have shown that 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, a 5,11-dicarbo analogue of the atypical neuroleptic agent clozapine [8-chloro-11-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine], exists as thermally stable configurational isomers. The presence of the 2-propylidene group at C-5 on the 5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene moiety did not interfere greatly, as compared to clozapine, with the in vitro affinity of this 5,11-dicarbo analogue of clozapine for muscarinic and dopamine D-1 and D-2 binding sites in rat brain. Since the presence and position of a chloro substituent on the 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine moiety have a marked influence on the respective binding affinities of 1,4-diazepines related to clozapine, chloro-substituted 5,11-dicarbo analogues of clozapine were prepared in order to further examine structure-activity relationships. Evaluation of these analogues for binding to muscarinic and dopamine binding sites in comparison with clozapine and other 5H-dibenzo[b,e][1,4]diazepine analogues of clozapine shows that the dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptor affinities of both the 5-(2-propylidene)-5,11-dicarbo analogue and its corresponding distal-chloro derivative, 2-chloro-5-(2-propylidene)-10-(4-methylpiperazino)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cycloheptene, are retained. Because of the susceptibility to acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of these tertiary enamines, however, these compounds serve only as model compounds for their structure-activity evaluation. Since the proximal nitrogen atom of the piperazine ring is redundant for biological activity, 5-(2-propylidene)-10-(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)-5H-dibenzo[a,d]-cycloheptene and its 2-chloro derivative are excellent candidates for resolution into enantiomers as a means to separate antimuscarinic and antidopaminergic activity, respectively, associated with only a single stereoisomer.

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